Animal-World > Birds > Conures > Jenday Conure

Jenday Conure ~ Janday Conure

Jandaya Conure, Yellow-headed Conure

Family: PsittacidaePicture of a Jenday Conure or Janday ConureAratinga jandayaPhoto Courtesy: Flavia Lopes
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My conure is almost 2 years old and we have had her for more than one year. Usually she is very lovely and get along with everyone in the family. My husband and I... (more)  Vivian

   The Jenday Conure is probably the best known of the Aratinga conures, as well as being one of the most popular and commonly kept!

   The Jenday Conure is quite striking with its beautiful colors. They are closely related to the Sun Conure Aratinga solstitialis and the Golden-capped Conure Aratinga auricapilla. Sometimes there is confusion between the Jenday Conure and the Sun Conure but you can easily identify the Jenday by its green wings and back, while the Sun has mostly yellow wings.

   A super sweet bird, the attractive Jenday Conure is very sociable and makes a very tame and loveable companion. They love to "talk", and yes, they are rather noisy little creatures. Being very active, they enjoy playing with toys, climbing, and chewing. Their antics can be very comical and at the same time they are very affectionate.

   If you are looking for a beautiful conure, the Jenday Conure will certainly capture your attention. It is also much less costly than the Golden Conure or the Queen of Bavaria Conure, two conures which are often touted for their beauty.

For more information about the care of Conures see:
Guide to a Happy, Healthy Conure


Geographic Distribution
Aratinga jandaya
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Data provided by GBIF.org
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Aratinga
  • Species: jandaya

Scientific Name: Aratinga jandaya

Distribution:
   These birds are native to northeastern Brazil.

Description:
   The Jenday Conure is a small member of the parrot family, and is very colorful. The head and upper breast are a golden yellow that blends into a reddish gold on the lower abdomen. Sometimes they will have an olive yellow breast. The wings, upper tail, and upper back are green moving into an orangish red on the lower back. The underside of the tail is black and the under side of the wings are an orangish red. The tip of the tail and the outer wing feathers are blue. The beak and the feet are black.
   A mature Jenday Conure reaches its full coloration at about two years of age. A younger bird will have duller coloration; a paler yellow head and neck with some greens, and a paler red on the breast.

Size - Weight:
   The Jenday Conure will get up to 11 4/5" (30 cm), 4.4 ozs for the male and
5 ozs for the female (125g -142 g).

Care and feeding:
   A roomy cage is required unless the bird is to be let out for extended periods. Many birds can spend most of their time on a play pen or parrot perch. They eat a variety of sprouts, seeds, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and commercial pellets, as well as the same nutritional foods humans eat.

   See About Conures: Housing and About Conures: Care and Feeding for more information.

Social Behaviors:
   They live in pairs or small groups of 10 to 15 birds. They love to play, and can be fairly destructive if not watched. They can also be rather noisy. Despite all this, they make a real fun pet and are very popular.

"Roxy", picture of a Jenday conure Roxy Photo Courtesy:
David Rein Henderson

"Hi , this is Roxy, on my daughter Caley's shoulder!"....Dave"

Breeding/Reproduction:
   They breed readily if they have the right size aviary. Though these birds will need to be either DNA or surgically sexed for a certain determination, the iris of the female is light brown and they have a grayish white eye ring while the male's iris is darker and his eye ring is pure white.
   The hen lays three to four eggs which are incubated for about 26 days. Both parents will feed the young. The young fledge (leave the nest) after about two months. The ideal nest box size should be 21 1/2" x 10" x 11" (55x25x28 cm), with a 2 3/4" opening (7 cm) which the parents will chew on and alter it to their liking.
   There has been a hybrid conure produced by crossing a Jenday Conure with a Nanday Conure.

Potential Problems:    As with most Aratinga species, this bird can be noisy.
   See About Conures: Potential Problems for information on illnesses.

Availability:
  This bird is generally available. They can usually be found at pet stores and reputable breeders.

Activities:  Loves to climb and play. Provide lots of toys.

Author: Clarice Brough, CAS
Lastest Animal Stories on Jenday Conure

Vivian - 2012-01-11
My conure is almost 2 years old and we have had her for more than one year. Usually she is very lovely and get along with everyone in the family. My husband and I always let her play outside of her cage until 3 months ago when she suddenly started to bite some visitors very hard. After the same attack happened a few times, we started to put her into the cage when we have visitors. However, yesterday, after her attacked one lady who is my mothers friend, she attacked my mother twice as well. We thought maybe she was just confused about the two people and after one night, she would remember my mother again.

Unfortunatly, she flew to my mother and bit her hard again when she saw her at the kitchen this morning. I had to put her into the cage sadly because my mother is so scared. I feel bad and worried. I do not want to lock her in the cage all the time, but I am afraid that she will attack my mother again. What should I do?

  • Vivian - 2012-01-11
    Thank you very much Charlie. I feel better now after read your comments. You are right, she likes to sit on the chair next to mine and have dinner together with family, but I am not sure if it is safe to do so tonight. I think that talking to her and giving her little treats when she is in the cage is a good approach to reintroduce mom to her. I will try it tonight. However, holding her and getting close to my mom looks dangerous for now, because she becomes so aggressive that can not stay for one second on my fingure once she sees my mom. All she wants is giving her a big bite :(
  • Charlie Roche - 2012-01-11
    Sorta different behavior for a conure but certainly not unusual. Your little guy is part of your FAMILY FLOCK and has talken it upon himself to essentially protect HIS FLOCLK from outside creatures. That is pretty normal. A conure doesn't usually get agressive though but please realize yours is starting the big bad word PUBERTY. My guess would be that by accident or unpurpose someone frightened your little guy. It doesn't take a lot. My one bird is terrified of bright red hair. Little boy came in with bright red hair and my macaw went nuts - So probably a visitor came in and for some reason your little fella became frightened and yes - for some reason he now associates your mom with the visitor. Your mom has to be re-introduced to your little fella slowly --- She can just be around when he is in his cage and give him special treats (cheerios or hulled sunflower seeds). She can talk to him or you can HOLD him while she is there. Don't just remove the bird and place him in the cage but re introduce the feathered fella to the mom. Do it slowly. The bird thinks he is protecting you or possibly mis placed aggression against your mom's friend but it is going to be OK. Just might take some time and extra effort. Just go slow. Let the fethered fella go forward on his own time with your mom and don't try and force it. You can't just forcibly hold the conure in your hand and get him to make up to your mom cuz the conure will just bite you. You can set a plate for your conure when you eat dinner with all the good stuff from the table and let your mom give it to your conure though. It would be nice to know if at all possible what your moms friend and your mom have in common - ie something simple like a neck scarf or something.
  • Charlie Roche - 2012-01-11
    Similar thing but not exactly the same. I went on vacation and my neighbor who knows all my birds and geta along just fine with all watches/feeds them for me. I happen to be baby sitting a proven pair of amazons for someone else and the female got out of the cage. My neighbor couldn't just 'pick it up' and I told her to net or throw a towel over it. She did and all was OK except my cockatoo who gets along with everyone decided that my neighbor was the monster from Mars for 2 months. My neighbor felt terrible and it took a few treats and talking before my cockatoo would not just SCREAM at her but all is fine now. I would just go slow and give the bird some 'forgiveness time' for whatever frightened him. Conures are forgiving once they realize who actually belongs to the FLOCK.
  • Alexandria Bunger - 2014-03-11
    I can relate to this....My JC attacks my step daughter who recently moved in with us...He typically loves everyone and would allow guests to pet him and handle him for a little while. BUT, when my daughter moved in he became so territorial... he would do this weird dance and hiss at her. We tried to help him get to know her and he started tolerating her (barely). She was on the phone and she told someone about the EVIL bird and when she hung up he just attacked her. He no longer tolerates her and if he hears her voice he gets into attack mode. She has since moved out and he no longer attacks anyone. He loves his family and she was new and not leaving at the end of the day... He just did not like that. I LOVE MY BIRD!
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Isabel - 2009-10-16
My husband and I have a very young jenday conure. Its name is Graceful. It was the name given by the caretaker at the pet store, but we decided to keep it because it describes its personality. Today we are taking Graceful to its first veterinary appt hopefully we'll find its gender later. Graceful is clownish, cuddly, brattish at times, but lots of fun. It is beginning to learn a few words, it tries them at night before going to sleep. Graceful is also a very picky eater. We have not been able to feed him fruit and veggies. Grace does love bean sprouts, dehydrated mango, papaya bits and shredded carrot, but it feeds mostly on pellets. We are trying to add more variety to its diet. Ah, its day is not complete without a bath. Lately, it likes to dunk pellets in its water dish after the bath, and prefers balsa wood toys to chew/destroy. It hisses and gets aggresive with a platic ball with a rattle we don't know why though. What is most amazing is that it has never been exposed to that kind of toy before. We wonder what it reminded it of, or what danger Graceful associates it with.

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evelyn - 2014-01-06
Hi I have a 4 year old jenday conure we thought he was a male as we had him when he was 18 months old and have his birth certificate which states male, but last night he laid a egg. Although he has not been with another parrot. Also he has started to bite people when they handle a towel or tea towel, he becomes aggressive and bites, fluffs up his feathers and squawks very loudly. Could you shed any light on this behaviour?

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-01-08
    It sounds like she's going through her 'teenage' years, and could be sexually frustrated. This is a pretty common occurrence with African Grey parrots, but all parrots can experience this as they mature. Be patient with her, usually parrots calm down over time.
  • Lisa Mischele - 2014-01-14
    I have a 3 1/2 year old male jenday. Let me know where you live. Maybe we can get our birds together.
  • Alexandria Bunger - 2014-03-11
    My JC is named Kernal Mustard, he is a little over a year old and he is something else. He is everything a JC is supposed to be and he too loves attention. He likes to perch himself above my bed and when I get ready for bed he expects to get under the blanket and go to sleep. I allow him to sleep there for awhile because I feel like he loves the warmth. He buries his head into the blankets or the pit of my arm and goes to sleep, only after he says thank you and a couple of other grumbled words I have yet to figure out. After a while I place him back above my bed so he can go back to sleep and I can sleep without fear of crushing him. I recently almost lost him to metal poisoning--he likes to play with everything shiny and I was unaware he was eating items he would pick off my shirt (metal) bedazzle type items....he ended up paralyzed for about 30 minutes and required medical (expensive) treatment. He is well now but taking a med to help extract metal poisoning from his blood and hopefully he will poop out the small metal pieces. He likes to be with me all the time and I rarely lock him in his cage but I have to retrain myself to allow him some cage time because I can't be with him 24/7 and I do not want him to get into anything or eat anything metal.....BE careful they make you think they are only playing with shiny objects but they break them into small pieces and will eat them.....Very harmful.
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karen - 2013-04-05
Hi. I've had my conure for 1 year. He was approximately 2 years old when I purchased him. About a week ago I noticed few downy grey feathers on her chest..... 1 week later her whole chest is grey and little on her wings, any ideas thanks?

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-04-08
    It could be the final adult coloring coming in as they do attain full color at about 2 years. You could check with the breeder to see what their hatchlings look like at full development. Most of this species are very similar overall, but some may have more gray/green on the chest than others. There is a slight chance of a hybridization, as they have been known to be crossed with Nanday Conures, though that's pretty unlikely.
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Kathy Jackson - 2013-04-03
I have a Jenday Conure who is 5 years old he used to be really loving, I`ve had him for 3 years but for some reason he has turned mean. he won`t even come on my finger anymore. I do work all day, but I`m home in the evenings and we spend time together, I try, My Mom died recently and she was always home, but she never played with him but someone was always there and their was noise in the house, do you think he lonely that`s why he acting this way.

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-04-08
    Birds are very social, so it could very well be that he is lonely. Even though your mom didn't handle him, having a constant companion would have been a big thing in his life. With her gone, it sounds like he may now be very isolated for hours at a time and that could be causing mood changes and depression.
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