Marine aquariums and saltwater fish… capturing the imagination and inspiring enthusiasts for nearly two centuries!
The world’s oceans are inhabited with over 14,000 species of saltwater fish. A fascinating realm of sea creatures that are natural wonders of color, form, and display. With such an astounding diversity, learning about marine fish and keeping saltwater aquariums is an exciting adventure.
Our list of saltwater fish covers a wide array of species from marine aquarium fish to exotic species. Each fish guide offers salt water fish information starting with where they are found and their habitat, followed with fish care, behaviors, and compatibility. Fish pictures are provided with each guide to help choose a pet and aid as a fish identification guide.
Many anemone fish enjoy a simbiotic relationship with anemones
Marine – Saltwater Fish Features
|Dog-faced Puffer Blackspotted Puffer, Dog-faced Puffer, Arothron nigropunctatus|
|CowfishCowfish, Longhorn Cowfish, Long-horned Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta|
|OldwifeOldwife, Enoplosus armatus|
|FirefishFirefish, Fire Dartfish, Nemateleotris magnifica|
|Longnose HawkfishLongnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus|
|Flame HawkfishFlame Hawkfish, Brilliant Red Hawkfish, Neocirrhites armatus|
Dog-faced Puffer, Arothron nigropunctatus
The Blackspotted Puffer acts much like a dog and is a favorite! That face looks so sweet, that you may find yourself whistling for it to comeÃ¢â‚¬Â¦. and it just might!
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The Bicolor Parrotfish has three growth phases. This video shows the terminal (adult) phase. The juvenile is white with an orange bar covering the front part of the fish except the snout. This fish can reach up to 36 inches in length. They are found in the Indo-pacific, Red Sea to Tuamotus and the southern portion of the Great Barrier Reef. They are almost impossible to keep in captive environments because of their large size and herbivorous diet. In the wild they eat the algae that grows on dead coral skeletons. Their specialized teeth are well adapted to scraping coral skeletons as seen in this video. In the aquarium they will do the same thing but since most reef aquariums don’t keep dead coral skeletons, they will turn on live corals and destroy them.
For setting up a saltwater aquarium, see: Marine Aquarium Basics
The keeping of saltwater fish species is infrequently recorded in ancient history. It wasn’t until the nineteenth century that a real push began to explore the inhabitants of the sea. In the early 1800’s successful keeping of marine invertebrates is cited, but keeping marine fish developed a bit later. The first successful collection of saltwater fish, and then successfully keeping saltwater aquariums is credited to William E. Damon in the 1870â€™s.
Still it wasn’t until almost a century later, about the 1950â€™s, that interest in the hobby really began to take root, and by the 1980â€™s, major strides were made in aquarium husbandry. At this time how to biologically maintain an artificial ocean environment was developed, what today is commonly known as the nitrification cycle. With this development, saltwater fishkeeping became very successful and is an exciting widespread hobby today.
Animal-World fish guides provide information on many types of saltwater aquarium fish and others. The list of fish includes all types of marine fish from well-known popular species like Damsels, Angelfish, and Tangs, to the more exotic marine species like Sharks, Rays and others. The list of saltwater fish is constantly expanding to include even more exotic fish types like Anglers and Toadfish, Grunts, Jawfish, Seahorses and Pipefish, Tilefish, Snappers, Scorpions, Rockfish, and more.
Fish pictures of each type of marine fish are provided within each fish guide. These not only help with saltwater fish identification, but aid in choosing pet fish. The fish guides also have in-depth fish information, covering everything from their native place of origin and when first scientifically described, to the habitats and behaviors of each species. Each guide then provides the fish care needed to successfully keep them in a saltwater aquarium.