Animal-World > Birds > Canary Varieties > Northern Dutch Frilled Canary

Northern Dutch Frilled Canary

Family: Fringillidae Picture of a Northern Dutch Frilled CanarySerinus canariaPhoto Animal-World: Courtesy Denise Taormina
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i have no idea how to sex a cock and hen in A dutch frill, can someone help please?  viv

   The pretty Northern Dutch Frilled Canary is often likened to the popular Parisian Frilled Canary, just a smaller version!  

   The Northern Dutch canary is a medium sized variety, just slightly smaller than the Border Canary. Though similar in appearance to the Parisian Frilled breed with the long swooping feather patterns, the frilled feathers on the Northern Dutch Canary are less dense, have smaller curls, and are more of a band just around the middle of the bird rather than all over.

   The Northern Dutch Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. It is very pretty, nicely proportioned, hardy and vigorous. Frilled canaries do however, tend to be a little more high strung and nervous than other canary breeds.

   There are many different varieties of Frilled canaries including: French Frill, Fiorina Frill, Colored (Milanese) Frill, Gibber Italicus, Giboso Espanol, Japanese Frill, Parisian Frill, Southern Dutch Frill, Munich Frill, Scotch Fancy Frill, Swiss Frill, Roebekian Frill, Hunchback Frill, Brazilian Frill, and even crested varieties such as the Padovan Frill and the Florin Frill.

For more information about the care of Canaries see:
Guide to a Happy, Healthy Canary


Geographic Distribution
Serinus canaria
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Data provided by GBIF.org
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Actiniform
  • Class: Elasmobranchii
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Fringillidae
  • Genus: Serinus
  • Species: canaria

Scientific Name: Serinus canaria domesticus

Distribution:    Frilled canaries have been around for a very long time. Though not much is known about the frilled mutation, it is generally agreed that the first frill was the Dutch Frill dating back to the 18th century, originating from the old Dutch Fancy Canary. Developments in different parts of the continent then resulted in several distinct breeds. Some of the frilled varieties seen today are newer, developed in more recent years in Italy.

Description:    The Northern Dutch Frilled Canary is a medium sized, nicely appointed, attractive canary. They reach a length of about 6 1/2 to 6 3/4 inches (16.5 to 17 cm), just slightly smaller than the Border Canary.
   The primary feature of all frilled canaries are three distinct patterns of curled feathers. These consist of the mantle, the jabot, and the fins. The mantle feathers are on the back, they part down the center and curl symmetrically over the shoulders forming what looks like a cape. The jabot are wavy undulating feathers coming from each side of the breast, curling inward to form a ruffle that meets in the middle. The fins come from the thighs, long well-frilled feathers that rise upward around the wings. The main focus of the frills is on symmetry rather than volume. Though they should be full, they also need to be crisp and defined.
   The frilling for the Northern Dutch is primarily around the middle of the canary and should be nicely balanced and symmetrical. The head, neck, belly and thighs are smooth with no frilling similar to regular canaries. They have a normal canary stance, but do not stand quite as erect as the Southern Dutch Frilled variety.
   Coloration in frilled canaries is of little importance. They may be buff, green, clear, ticked, or variegated and occasionally a few dominant whites. Yellow is usually more rare except in the the case of the Gibber Italicus.

Care and feeding:    Canaries like wide open spaces so provide a roomy cage. Provide a cage with vertical bars and small perches of different size for foot exercise. Have at least 1 perch set high in the cage for the canary to roost (sleep). The cage should be placed high, so the canary can look down on us so to speak.
   Canaries eat mainly canary seed and rape seed. Vitamin coated canary seed mixes are readily available at a pet store. Greens are also enjoyed and can be offered daily along with a little calcium in the form of a cuttlebone.
   They do like to bath, so should be offered a bird bath. Cage cleaning and toe nail trimming is about all the maintenance canaries need.
   See About Canaries: Housing and About Canaries: Care and Feeding for more information.

Social Behaviors:    They are good-natured social creatures that do well when kept in cages or in aviaries. They are timid birds though and should not be housed with parakeets, lovebirds, or other hookbills that tend to be more aggressive birds by nature.
   Male canaries should be kept in a cage by themselves to ensure quality singing. Males can be territorial and pairing up with two male canaries in a cage can cause fights. In a spacious aviary canaries can generally be housed with other canaries, finches, and other hardbills.

Activities:
   Canaries do not require toys, mirrors or any other form of entertainment, a swing is all they need to keep themselves occupied. Most of the time, canaries are simply enjoyed for their beauty and singing. However, some canaries are allowed out of their cage to perch or are show canaries and therefore require taming or training.
   To show well, being steady and holding themselves up well before a judge, frilled canaries do need a certain amount training.
      See About Canaries: Handling/Training for information on taming and training.

Breeding/Reproduction:    Most canaries breed easily and readily if provided with quality food, lighting, secure surroundings, and conditioning. They are best bred in breeding cages.They lay their eggs in a nest. The female will lay 3 to 6 eggs, one per day. It is best to allow a hen to have only two clutches.
   Frilled canaries are not usually difficult to breed with some strains being quite vigorous and free breeding. The challenge is in developing them to the exact standards of their type for showing. It is best to pair birds that conform most closely to the required breed standards, though even imperfect parents can still produce excellent young. Frilled Canaries don't need to be color fed and even though they have feathering that is longer than any other type of canary, they appear to be free from feather cysts. As with most canaries, there can occasionally be individuals with a tendency to be poor feeders.
      See About Canaries: Breeding/Reproduction for more information on breeding.

Potential Problems:    These birds are hardy and healthy if provided with a good environment and a good diet. Avoid an environment that is wet, cool, and drafty.
   See About Canaries: Potential Problems for information on health.

Availability:    Availability and pricing of Frilled Canaries is variable. Pricing has a wide range starting at about $50 or more for the Dutch Frills and about $125 or more the Parisian Frills. Others varieties start at about $100 or more.
   The Parisian and the Dutch are the most common frilled canary breeds available in the United States. Frilled varieties are most often available through breeders, but may also occasionally be found through bird shows, bird clubs, and on the internet.

Author: Clarice Brough, CAS
Additional Information: Denise Taormina
Lastest Animal Stories on Northern Dutch Frilled Canary

viv - 2014-08-06
i have no idea how to sex a cock and hen in A dutch frill, can someone help please?

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-08-13
    Adult canaries are very difficult to sex, even for the experts. The only absolute method is that just the females will lay eggs. Beyond that, males (cocks) will tend to sing more and have a stronger song than females, but during a molt or in the winter they may sing less, or not at all.

    Checking the vent / cloaca identify sex is very difficult, as unlike mammals, the differences aren't very distinctive. Only during breeding is it possible to see variations. Blow away the feathers of the vent, the skin leading up to the vent on the male is elongated and prominent, and the vent itself is narrow. On the female the skin is flat or only slightly raised, and the vent is rounder and flatter. Still these differences are not very evident, and are only possible to detect at the height of breeding season.
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Deni Irawan - 2010-11-18
Great site to read and learn, thanks for sharing.

Reply
Alex - 2012-05-14
My daughter picked up a canary on the street, It must've escaped from its owners and we are taking care of it. The breeder tag on the leg reads:
C AS 10 5 7 6 6 Can anyone explain what this means? I live in Toronto, Canada.

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-05-15
    Many times breeders will have their own 'code' to identify their babies and pairs. The code identifies the breeder, possibly the number of the parents, the year and the number of the baby.
Reply
muhammed jalil - 2012-04-21
I have been breeding canaries before including frills. But this time I have a male fiorino frill and a female fiorino frill. Can I breed them together or will the babies will be bald?

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-04-21
    Yes, you can mate the fiorino frill male and the fiorino frill female. What you are thinking of is the Gloster Fancy Canary where you have to breed a consort (no crest) with a corona (crested) otherwise you can have a blad baby.
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mhamade ezzeldine - 2010-10-11
Hi to everyone who knows about sick birds. My canary's get problems in its mouth and legs please call me at 03323329 mhamade ezzeldine my birds zeebra and etalekose.

  • ahmad - 2010-12-04
    Hi I am ahmad from jordan you can give your canary jell for baby 2 or 3 times a day with multi vitamins also for baby one drop in the mouth.

    3 times a day.


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