Get in the know, all sorts of glossary terms used by herptologists and reptile enthusiasts alike!
This glossary of terms for herptiles and arthropods comes in real handy for both beginners and advanced hobbyists. Have you ever been stumped by the terms used in the world of lizards, tarantulas, newts or other offbeat animals, like their dewlop, a scute, or how about being oviparous? That’s where this dictionary of scientific terms related to reptiles, ambphibians, and land invertebrates, comes in very handy.
There are lots of unique words used to describe parts of snakes, frogs, turtles or other reptiles and amphibians, as well as arachnids like a scorpions or a tarantula, and even insects. These terms are not only unusual, but actually quite interesting. And the more you read, the more questions that will come up. But beware, with the list of herptile and arthropod glossary terms, you’ll find answers and then if you keep going… you’ll start thinking like an expert!
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The Painted or Red and Green Anemone was at first categorized as Urticina crassicornish, however it was moved to Urticina grebelnyi in 2006. Why? Because the Painted (should be called Green and Red Anemone since many in this genus share the same common name) Anemone’s pedal column is, yes you guessed it, red and green! This is the most distinguishing difference. They are found in tide pools in cold waters so a chiller, a mature tank and clean water is a must.
A – C
D – H
I – O
ovoviviparous – An animal who holds the eggs inside its body until they hatch and living young are delivered. However, the embryo is sustained by the contents of the egg and not by any connection to the animal that holds it.
P – R
S – Z
Tetrapod – These are vertebrate (having a backbone or spinal column) animals that have four limbs. including amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The word tetrapod is derived from the Greek term “tetrapode”, which is equivalent to the Latin term “quadruped”.
thermoregulate – To regulate body temperature. Most reptiles cannot produce their own body heat and must rely on external or environmental heat sources. They control their core body temperatures by moving in and out of areas with varying temperatures and humidity levels
vertebrate – Typically describes an animal with a backbone or spinal column and includes mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
Vertebrates are members of the subphylum Vertebrata, a primary division of the phylum Chordata that includes the fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, all of which are characterized by a segmented spinal column and a distinct well-differentiated head. There are currently about 58,000 species of chordates. Vertebrates are the largest group of chordates, and make up about 5% of all described animal species; the rest are invertebrates, which lack backbones.
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