Pug Picture, also called Chinese Pug, Carlin, Mops and Puggu
Canis lupus familiaris

The short stocky Pug makes a very amiable companion and is a wonderful house dog!

The Pug is a distinctive looking toy dog breed. It is short and stocky with an endearing wrinkled face. Its demeanor can be described as easy going and calm. Pugs are affectionate and loyal, and are usually happy.

The Chinese Pug is very smart, but they can have a bit of stubborn strain. Provide them with firm but gentle training, and they will respond. They become very well behaved around children and visitors. They rarely have trouble getting along with other dogs or any other type of pet. When selecting a pug, be on the lookout for breathing and eye problems.

Pug Facts

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Hug A Pug Too Hard And Its Eyes Pop Out

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Canidae
  • Genus: Canis
  • Species: lupus familiaris

Common Name(s)

Pug, Chinese Pug, Carlin, Mops, Puggu

Breed Type

The Pug is a toy breed that originated in China. Pugs are known for their sparkling personalities, and as with most toy breeds, they make good house dogs.


The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds in existence. Originally from China, the Pug is said to have been a favorite of Chinese emperors. It was brought to Europe by Dutch merchants. Pugs were used as military animals, guard dogs, and sometimes even scent hounds.


Pugs are stocky, with round heads, flat muzzles, and deep wrinkles on their foreheads. They have large, protruding eyes and rose or button ears. Their coloring is either apricot, fawn, black, or silver, all with black muzzles and ears. Males are 12-14 inches tall and 13-20 pounds, and females are 10-12 inches tall and 13-18 pounds.

Care and Feeding

Foods that are low in protein and include beef, horse meat, and pork are best for pugs. A diet of fresh foods can help prevent flatulence. Care should be taken not to overfeed a pug, because they can easily become obese. Pugs should be brushed regularly and shampooed only when it becomes necessary. They must be dried quickly. The wrinkles on their faces require regular cleaning.
Pugs need regular checkups, as they are prone to certain health problems. Annual vet visits are important, and they should be vaccinated as follows:

  • 6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Corona virus (DHLPPC)
  • 10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC
  • 14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies
  • Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster

Due to the Pug’s tendency to develop allergies, it is advisable to keep its environment as clean as possible. Pugs are seasonal shedders, so regular vacuuming is necessary.

Housing Your Dog

Pugs need to be kept indoors, and fare best in moderate climates. They cannot tolerate extreme temperatures. They are not excessively active indoors, and they do not have to have a yard.

Social Behaviors

Pugs are very easy to get along with, and they enjoy the company of people and other animals. They do well with children. Pugs need plenty of attention, and they may get jealous if they do not get it.

Handling and Training

Pugs are very intelligent. They can, however, be stubborn at times. They respond best to gentle reprimands and positive reinforcement.


Pugs are not extremely active by nature. They do, however, need regular exercise to stay healthy. Daily walks and play sessions are advised. They may wheeze or become overheated if they overexert themselves, so it is important to keep a close eye on them.


Pugs are prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) and hemivertebrae, a spine deformity that can cause paralysis. Both conditions may be hereditary, so a careful check of bloodlines is imperative when selecting a mate for a Pug. Females often need Cesarean sections when whelping.

Common Health Problems

Pugs with PDE develop symptoms at 6 months to 3 years of age, and almost always die or require euthanization. Severe cases of hemivertebrae may make euthanization advisable as well. Pugs’ respiratory systems make breathing problems common, but unless they are severe they do not require medical treatment.


Pugs can be purchased from breeders throughout the country. Prices vary, but they average $450 to $750.


Pug“, Dog Breed Info Center, Copyright 1998-2008
Pug“, Wikipedia, Copyright 2008
Cusick, William D., “What to Feed a Pug“, Referenced online, 2008
Pug Puppies for Sale“, Copyright PuppyFind.com, LLC, Referenced online, 2008

Featured Image Credit: Antin82, Shutterstock