Animal Stories - Freshwater Aquarium Setup and Maintenance

Animal-World Information about: Freshwater Aquarium Setup and Maintenance

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Chris - 2010-09-05
There is a wealth of information in this article and on this site. I just wanted to concur, that larger fish tanks are easier because they are more stable in regards to water quality and other factors. Also, make sure you use a background that will hide the cords in the back, this is something I forget to mention when teaching others about freshwater aquarium setup.

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  • Scott - 2011-02-06
    I put some hooks onto suction cups and put them on the back of my aquarium at the top. This makes it easy to attach a bath towel across the back (in front of the cords and hoses) and we can change it out with a different color every other month or so. I'm not sure how the fish feel about it, but we enjoy the variety it provides and it is cheaper and easier than getting a bunch of the store bought backgrounds.
  • Donna - 2011-02-24
    You can also use aluminum foil. Crinkle it up and smooth it back out and it looks great and cheap!
  • naveen - 2011-03-24
    It's nice.
Jeremy - 2011-01-17
I bought my son a large tank (roughly 50 gallons) at a consignment store and am looking for the most durable fish we can find to spare him the death of his pets as much as possible. We currently have 2 goldfish that were bought from the feeder fish tank and 4 wild caught catfish.

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  • John - 2011-02-23
    If you want to save a lot of time and money I would suggest setting up a swordtail/guppy/platy tank they breed like crazy keep lots of live plants floating and you will never need to buy fish again plus you can sell your overstock to pay for filter media etc... a good hobby for a college fund.
Muzammil Khan - 2011-02-23
My Red Dragon FlowerHorn loses its color as soon as I change water or put him into a new aquarium. I have kept him with Golden Severums and Oscars. Also my fish seldom show off beautiful colors. Please guide.

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  • John - 2011-02-23
    If you use jungle natural coulours it makes tanic water it will make your fish glow nice and bright it really works well.
Valarie - 2010-12-28
I have a Black Moor fish and five neons and a sucker fish they have been living happily for about 8 months now and all of a sudden the sucker fish disappeared. I think Rupert (the Moor) ate him is this possible? There was no remains whatsoever, but the little neons seem to be unscathed. When I first got The Moor he was in a larger tank outside for the spring and I thought the neighborhood cat was eating his poolmates, now I wonder if it was him. (hence the name Rupert as the survivor)

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  • cory - 2011-02-16
    It doesn't seem very likely that rupert ate your bottom feeder, not whole anyway. Do you have a lid on your tank? If not, is it possible that your water was too high and he jumper out?
mark - 2011-02-16
Hi I have an oranda goldfish in an aquarium but since we have had seems to want to lay on its side or will stay very still upside down could anybody help with this?

Joe - 2011-02-11
My tank is all foggy. My nitrites are at 0, my nitrates are at and ammo is at 0. I set the tank up in nov 2010. I have 10 fish. I did a water change on the 4th of feb and I cannot get the tank to clear up. O I changed the filter cartridges also. Did I not let the tank cycle completely ?

jen - 2011-01-18
Can anyone advise why the freshwater water in my aquarium goes cloudy? I have cleaned it several times but the same happens. It has a filter & its about 40 litres.
It has been fine for a few years but now this has started. We use food from a pet shop. Thanks.

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  • Ken - 2011-01-30
    Try these two websites. They should help a little.
    Basically what they explain is that you need to buy a tap water conditioner such as Stress Coat or Start Right. Since you have cleaned it several times it probably isn't residue or such from the gravel or bacteria. Since it hasn't happened before, it is probably a change in your water. Maybe your water has too much nitrate in it or too much chlorine. The water conditioner would take care of that. Good Luck!
TERESA - 2010-12-25
We have a 29 gallon freshwater tank that has been set up a year. We started it and for almost the whole year we used well water. We have an undergravel filter with a power head and also a charcoal cartridge with an air stone on the other side. There are 2 live plants also. The problem is the ph started to rise and the water turned very acidic. When i talked to a fish store owner he tested the water and said that the nitrates were off the chart and that we had old tank syndrome. We did a water change of 60% and added city water. For a couple of days everything was fine then it started to turn again. I have tried everything i can think of and can't figure out why the water is so acidic. We still use city water on water changes and treat the water with a chlorine neutralizer. To compound the problem we have a bad case of blackbeard algae. I was told of a combination of fish to put in the tank that would eat this type of algae (siamese algae eater, flag fish, nerite snails) so we bought them. . . . . . . . . . . . They all died overnight. . . . . . . . . Needless to say that was a very expensive attempt to control this form of algae. ( my mom is ready to give up! )
i would really like to get her tank back together as she sits and watches them constantly since we set it up last year for her mother's day gift. . . . . . . . Please help if you can.

vikram singh - 2010-12-05
I'm making an aquarium 2 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet in size. I don't know anything about fish except reading articles on net. I have short listed ehim or sera 200w heater, boyu submersible filter sp-102 ub (.Features :Biochemical cotton nitrifier to improve water quality.
Anti-friction, alumina porcelain axie; rustless,suitable for salt and fresh water.
Permanent magnetic synchronous machine; efficient energy consumption.
Internal excess current and overheating protection.
ABS plastic coated body, durable construction, non-corroding.
Multiple application-able to pump and filter water, spray oxygen.
Specification :
Volt - AC230/115V, Freq - 50/60Hz, UVLIGHT - 5W/AC12V ,Power - 27W,HMax - 1.2m ,QMax - 1400L/h , Size - 216x100x379
Should I put a hang on filter also I like to have rivulet sound (waterfall sound).
Should I put an extra oxygen pump? What else should I put to make my aquarium safe ..the limit is it should be submersible I cannot put anything external ...
what are the best fishes which aer good looking to start with and how?

joseph raniolo - 2010-09-04
How often should the tank be cleaned and do I need to empty it every time

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  • alex - 2010-09-07
    You do not need to empty the tank every time. That is very BAD. You should be doing a 25 percent water change every week, getting at least half of the poop from the bottom each time. You don't need to be vacuuming vigorously. If a decoration becomes nasty take it out and clean it one at a time (basically one every month). If you clean all the decorations at once, you'll loose all the good bacteria that has settled onto it. That could have a negative effect on your water quality.
  • Jason - 2010-10-25
    You should NEVER empty your tank completely when you clean it. Clean it every 4 to 6 weeks doing a 15% to 20% water change when you do. You should also change your filter cartridge at this time. You can purchase a tank vacuum to do this change and at the same time clean the gravel. Your local PetSmart will demonstrate how to do this. About every 3 months you can remove some of the gravel and clean it as well.
    Just going by these basic and easy steps you will have a healthy tank. also has a program to sign up with that will keep track of your tanks cycles, filter changes and cleaning time for you. They will send you an email when it's time to do something. It's REALLY neat. They also have a question area that you can type an issue or question into and they will get back to you within 24 hours.
  • Jack Carter - 2010-11-29
    If you do regular 'maintenance' , you should never have to clean your tank right out unless you have some major disaster. If you have a very small tank or bowl, even then you don't need to empty it right out. Do regular partial water changes (about 1/5th every fortnight is good) or twice weekly for a large bowl, scrape the glass clean, stir the gravel gently here and there and try and suck out as much debris, dead leaves etc. As you can and renew and clean your filter monthly, but always leave some 'old' stuff in it when you do that. The 'old' bacteria start a new colony immediately. Clean things out with aquarium water, not tap water as well. If you do all these things, you should never have to empty your tank completely.