Pinktoe Tarantula

Pink-toed Tree Spider, Pink-toed Tarantula, Guyana Pinktoe

Family: Theraphosidae Pinktoe Tarantula, Avicularia avicularia, Pink-toed Tree Spider, Pink-toed TarantulaAvicularia aviculariaPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Bill Korinek
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Please help me! ! My pink toe wont eat or move and when it does it cant walk properly and no its not ready to molt as it just has! ! Please help me  nikki

The Pink-toed Tarantula is Energetic and friendly, making it fun to keep!

The Pinktoe Tarantula Avicularia avicularia one of the most rewarding species of tarantula to keep in captivity. It is highly prized for its color and personality. This tree spider is a beautiful furry species that is dark black to metallic gray overall with deep violet to reddish hues to the abdomen and leg hairs. But its distinctive feature are the wonder pinkish tips on each foot, giving it the names "pinktoe" and "pink-toed" tarantula.

PInktoes reach a moderate size as adults. Females can grow to about 5" (13 cm) with males being just a bit smaller, reaching about 3.5" (9 cm). They reach maturity in 2 to 3 years and are estimated to live between 4 to 8 years. They are fun to keep, because unlike most tarantulas, they can be kept in groups.

The Pink-toed Tree Spiders are docile and hardy. They are active during the day and will build extensive web tubes in their enclosure. Though they are much more docile than their close cousin the Antilles Pink Toe Tarantula they will jump, so care should be taken when handling them.

These tarantulas are favorites because they are easily handled, and entertaining if kept properly. But as with the other species of Avicularia, the Pink-toed Tarantula is a little more challenging to keep. It requires the unique combination of high humidity and plenty of ventilation. This combination can be somewhat difficult to provide in captivity, to maintain these parameters requires a regular regime.

For more Information on keeping Tarantulas, see:
Keeping Arachnids and Other Arthropods as Pets


  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Family: Theraphosidae
  • Genus: Avicularia
  • Species: avicularia

Scientific NameAvicularia versicolor

Habitat: Distribution/BackgroundThe Pinktoe Tarantula Avicularia avicularia was described by Linnaeus in 1758. They are found in Brazil, Trinidad, Martinique, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela, and throughout the Amazon Basin. Other common names they are known by are Pink-toed Tree Spider, Pink-toed Tarantula, and Guyana Pinktoe. Most of those available currently are imported from Guyana.

The Avicularia genus is the most widespread group of spiders in the Americas and contains about 20 species. This genus was also the very first of the tarantulas to be described by science.

StatusThe Avicularia avicularia are not on the IUCN Red List for Endangered Species.

Description The Pinktoe Tarantula is a moderately sized tarantula with long dense hairs. The females reach about 5" (13 cm) and males are slightly smaller, reaching about 3.5" (9 cm). They are a beautiful furry species that is an overall dark black to metallic gray. They can also have an attractive coloration on their abdominal and leg hairs varying from a shiny purple or deep violet to reddish hues, sometimes highlighted by yellows. Their most distinguishing feature is a wonderful pink to pink-orange tip to each foot.

Mature males are long-legged and often boast a fascinating black with metallic look to its hairy carapace and abdomen. Females are a bit stockier, even for an arboreal species. They mature in 2 to 3 years and are estimated to live between 4 to 8 years.

Food and FeedingThe Pink-toed Tarantula or Pink-toed Tree Spider is an aggressive feeder. It will eat a variety of insect prey including adult crickets, grasshoppers, roaches, and especially flying insects such as wax moths. In nature, they will also feed on small lizards such as Anolis species, but they are not typically fed vertebrate prey in captivity.

HousingIn the wild all the Avicularia species are primarily arboreal, They will live in human structures or on plants rather than on the ground. The Pink-toed Tree Spider should be kept in a large, vertically oriented enclosure. A modified aquarium or tall plastic storage tub will work well. Keep the enclosure dry and spray it lightly with water every few days. The cage should be allowed to dry out in between misting.

By keeping several live plants within the enclosure you can add to the humidity. These plants can be placed within the enclosure still in their pots or can be planted in the deep substrate. Not only do live plants provide some more humidity, they will provide excellent areas for breeding and egg-laying. Provide one or two shallow water dishes in the enclosure.

Temperature and humidity requirements:

This species will do best if you maintain the enclosure at 78° to 82° F with a humidity level of 65 to 75%.

Cage CareA good habit to get into is cleaning up any uneaten prey items the day after feeding your tarantula as decaying organic matter commonly attracts mites, fungus, mold and other potentially harmful organisms into the enclosure. If your pet has recently molted, remove uneaten prey items immediately. Newly molted tarantulas are vulnerable until their exoskeletons hardens.

Behaviors These are fun to keep because unlike most tarantulas, they can be kept in groups if you keep them in a large enough terrarium and keep them well fed. Pink-toed Tarantulas are one of the most docile of the arboreal species. Many of the other Avicularia species are more aggressive and will race away or even bite.

Handling The Pink-toed Tarantula, as an arboreal species, are very agile and active. They are quite docile if not handled roughly or pinned with their fangs near your skin. They do tend to be nervous and jittery when handled and are prone to jumping from hand to hand, hand to shoulder, or in extreme cases, from hand to floor (which can be dangerous). They will jump, so care should be taken when handling them. As with other Avicularia species, Pink Toes are also fond of shooting a small spray of fecal matter as a defense.

Reproduction As with most tarantula species, the male Pink-toed Tarantula is thinner and has long, furry legs. He is equipped with hooks on his first pair of legs. These hooks are used to grapple with the female's fangs during courtship and mating. A female remains bulky and less spindly as she grows.

An adult male should be carefully introduced into the female's enclosure after he has produced a sperm web. The male can be protected with a piece of cardboard or other tool if he is to be used for further breeding attempts. Once mating occurs, the female should be fed a variety of prey on a more frequent schedule.

The Pink-toed tarantula will breed fairly readily. They lay between 50 to 200 eggs that hatch in six to eight weeks. The spiderlings are pretty good size and can easily be raised with crickets.

Diseases: Ailments/TreatmentsTarantulas are generally quite hardy and adaptable if they are provided with the right environment. A few signs that may indicate that your pet is not acting or feeling normal are a loss of appetite, lethargy, looking overly skinny, or pacing the enclosure.

A tarantula on its back is probably not sick. Most tarantula species flip onto their backs during molting. Though this is a very stressful and delicate time for tarantulas, if the humidity and warmth levels are correct, they will molt their exoskeleton, roll over, harden up, and within a week or two be ready for their next meals.

  • Molting
    One of the most common reasons for your pet to demonstrate unusual behavior is due to a molting period. As they outgrow their existing skin all tarantulas regularly go through an extensive molt, shedding their entire skin as well as the linings of their mouth, respiratory organs, stomach and sexual organs.

    The process starts well before the actual molt. For several weeks prior to shedding they will be growing a new skin under their old one. During this time it is not unusual for a tarantula to get quite lethargic and even stop eating. There may also be lots of web spinning activity as they prepare to molt.

    When they begin to molt, they lay on their backs with their legs up in the air looking as if they are dead. Be sure not to disturb your tarantula when you see this. The shedding process goes quickly and smoothly as long the environment has adequate humidity.

    Once they have shed, their new skin is pale and very soft. The amount of time it takes for your pet to fully recover and be back to eating well will vary from a day or so up to several weeks depending on its size. Smaller spiders recover much quicker than larger ones.

  • Other Problems
    Other problems are usually the result of some type of environmental stress. There may be a drop in the temperature of the enclosure, there may be parasites, or the tarantula may just not be comfortable with the depth of its hiding place. These things can be easily adjusted or changed, or you can try moving your pet to a new enclosure.

Availability The Pink-toed Tarantula was at one time the most abundant pet spider in the hobby. It has a large range and was imported by reptile dealers in large numbers for many years in the 1980s and 1990s. As importation has declined, it is now not commonly seen as an import but luckily is being bred in some numbers by hobbyists in the United States and Europe and is often available as captive-bred spiderlings.

References

Author: Russ Gurley, Clarice Brough CRS
Lastest Animal Stories on Pink-toed Tarantula


nikki - 2015-05-20
Please help me! ! My pink toe wont eat or move and when it does it cant walk properly and no its not ready to molt as it just has! ! Please help me

  • Clarice Brough - 2015-05-22
    It can take up to several weeks for tarantulas to recover from their molt, though smaller spiders generally recover quicker than larger ones. Still, check your environment to make sure nothing is wrong, i.e. temperature between 78° to 82° F with a humidity level of 65 to 75%.. Also make sure there are no parasites, like mites, in the habitat.
  • Jen - 2015-06-19
    How is your T doing? Ihad a Chilean rose hair T that over the course of a few months couldn't walk properly and it just got worse and worse. The best way to describe it is that she looked like she was drunk. I looked everywhere for an answer. I ultimately came to the conclusion that she probably had Dyskinetic Syndrome. She stopped eating and I could see from her abdomen that she was getting very dehydrated, even though she had fresh water. I saw her occassionally drink from the dish in the past so I couldn't understand why she would let herself get so dehydrated. I even killed crickets, sliced open the abdomen, and put them under her trying to get her to eat. I put her in an ICU - again - and hoped for the best. One morning I wolk up and she was in the death curl. I picked her up, sat on the floor, and cried for five minutes holding her belly up. I had her from July 2003 until November 2014, and she went from VA, to WI, to CA with me. My heart broke for her that she died that way. With tears rolling down my face I touch her velvety underbelly and thought about what I was going to bury her in. Then I saw her move one leg the slightest bit. I was sure it was just from me, but then she moved again. I thought I was seeing things, but she was really still alive! I gently put her down and frantically searched for something to force-feed her water. I wish I would have thought of it earlier. I took the top off eye drops and rinsed it extremely well, and filled it with water. I held her on her back in one hand and put the dropper close to her mouth and slowly gave her water. Over the course of 45 minutes, she started to move more and more, and came out of the death curl. I fed her water like this twice a day until her abdomen was plump again, then a little once a day, and then every few days for the next three weeks. I tried to get her to eat during this time but she wouldn't. She could walk again, but it was still drunkenly. I thought that if she could just hold on a few more months, perhaps she could recover from the Dyskinetic Syndrome. However, she ended up passing away on December 5, 2014. Before you conclude that your T has Dyskinetic Syndrome, make sure she is hydrated. T's legs work like a hydraulic system, so when they're dehydrated they don't have enough fluid to move their legs properly and it can look like they are drunk. My T never stopped moving that way, even after I knew she was fully hydrated. I'm almost certain she suffered from Dyskinetic Syndrome, which breaks my heart because she probably got it from bad crickets. Now I only buy my feeders from a small local pet shop where I know the owner feeds her T's the same crickets. No Petco or Pet Smart for my two new T's. I hope your T has recovered or my story can help in some way.
Reply
Dina - 2008-02-26
My husband and I have a rose haired tarantula, we have had her for 6 years and we love having her. Our 7 year old daughter wanted her own tarantula and she picked out her pink toe named Midnight. The pink toe is not as socialable and jumps every time we try to hold her. Our rose hair we handle quite often. The pink toe jumped from my husband's hand to land on my 4 year old son's face, to his surprise, and since he is used to our rose hair he patiently waited for daddy to take her off his face. We are hoping that the pink toe will get more comfortable with being held eventually. We love our tarantulas and they are wonderful pets.

  • chance - 2012-05-24
    My pink toe never jumps but if you don't want him/her to jump so far when you hold him/her put your other hand in front of the t so it doesn't jump
  • anonymous - 2015-03-03
    pink toes are really fast and difficult to handle. they will not be as sociable as a rosehair. even though they are very docile they are also very very skittish
  • Clarice Brough - 2015-03-04
    Very true! (couldn't have said it better myself)
Reply
Curtis Sowers - 2012-08-05
I bought a pink toe 3 days ago named Titan. I let him get used to his tank and he ate 3 crickets in 2 days ,but every time I try to hold him he bites me. I am being gentle. I haven't dropped him yet but he won't stop bitting me. Please help me my email is curtistheamazing@gmail.com HELP it's so frusterating he also about 5-6 months old.

  • anon - 2012-08-06
    Don't try to physicly pick him up, try resting yor fingers on the flat in front of him or a few fingers flat on the tree. Some like to be left till they come out from hiding, always approach him from the front. Shower his tank with water, at least every four days but don't get him wet.  I  use a 3rd of a cup. He miight also prefer locust.  You'd be amazed what they devour in 1 meal ,
  • anonymous - 2015-03-03
    some tarantulas just don't like being handled and pink toes are very skittish. they don't really like being handled mostly
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Deano Dëë - 2015-01-31
My pink toe stopped eating nd moving so took it to th pet shop where a baught it from an d he took it out and dropped it dose this mean it wil die a think its goin to moult

  • eight legged love - 2015-01-31
    I don't know why either, but mine is doing the same thing, it also hasn't webbed at all in the three week span I've had it, barely moves, ignores water, and is extra skiddish and scared.
Reply