Mini reef aquarium guide. Reef aquarium setup for large reef tanks, Nano reef tanks, Pico reef or MIcro reef aquariums with reef tank lighting, filtration, choosing coral reef animals, and problem solving!
The Garibaldi Damselfish is found in coastal waters of the Eastern Central Pacific Ocean where the water is cooler than tropical locations. We have see this fish in the kelp forests off the California coast in conjunction with the cooler water Catalina Goby, named for an island off the California coast. They are known to divers as 'cheeky fish' since they are curious and unafraid of divers. The Garibaldi is one of the largest fish in the damselfish family, it is a striking orange color, and as a juvenile, is marked with many blue spots. The fins of the juvenile are also outlined in blue adding to its beauty.
The Garibaldi Damselfish is a very long-lived fish, it can live up to 25 years. This damselfish should be housed in an aquarium of at least 100 gallons with plenty of live rock to accomodate their territorial nature. They are extremely aggressive towards their own kind, and only one Garibaldi should be kept in a single aquarium. The diet should include various meaty foods, herbivore preparations, and flaked foods.
The Garibaldi is sexually dimorphic; the male is larger than the female and also has a lobe on the front of the head.
These fish have not been successfully bred in captivity.
Azure Demoiselle (Chrysiptera hemicyanea) spawning in the branches of an SPS coral.
The "main event" is from the beginning of the video until 1:16 then at 3:01 on the spawning seems to finish. After 1:16, the video moves onto other aquarium inhabitants. It is interesting that there are other damsels in the tank including a Black Ocellaris pair, a Ocellaris Clownfish pair and another black and white damselfish showing little to no aggression toward each other. You also see Banggai Cardinalfish, which also readily spawn in captivity. Seems this tank was well thought out! Back to the main event at 3:01, and you see the Azure Demoiselle couple continuing their activity among the SPS coral.
Breeding Three-band Clownfish (Amphiprion tricinctus) pair with eggs and they are fanning the eggs.
Awesome mated pair of True Percula Clownfish fanning their newly laid and fertilized eggs! Most of the time in open aquariums such as these, the eggs are picked off within a day or so. If wanting to breed your clownfish and develop babies, a 10 gallon tank and a flower pot is all you need! Of course, rotifers and other special foods, as well as multiple water changes daily will ensure success!
This video starts out with a yellow juvenile, then moves on to a dark adult with yellow toward the back of the body. Looks like they are inhabiting a Bird's Nest Coral. They become very mean as they grow to their ultimate 5" size, and need a minimum tank size of 55 gallons due to their need to swim about much more than others in their family. Their longer body and forked tail provide them with the speed they need!
A very interesting behavioral display is shown with this small group of juvenile Sergeant Major Damsels. As juveniles they form loose, smaller groups and dart quickly and erratically. They may be cute, but grow up to be nasty!
Brief yet good video of adult & kiddies in captivity.
This video is very brief, but shows what looks like a parent and several offspring that someone successfully bred in their tank! While it is not suggested to put this many in one tank, this may be the case of family, which may be why the adult is not attacking the young! Typically a pair or one Sergeant Major can be kept in a 75 gallon tank.
Video shows the typical habits of a Talbot's Damsel.
Talbot's Damsels like to dig out a little burrow under rock, rubble or coral, alive or dead, and hide there when afraid or sleeping. They are the most peaceful of all damsels, ranking closer to a Percula, Ocellaris or Skunk Clownfish. These little fish are great community fish for a reef or community tank and their small size of 2.4" makes them a great nano fish as well!.
This peaceful little damsel has similar temperament as the more mellow clownfish. They are great in a reef and enjoy nooks and crannies that they can hide in. Unlike other damsels, they do not become aggressive, but like a clownfish, will protects it's little corner of the reef. They are great peaceful community fish, which is uncommon for most damsels!
Video shows a Goldtail Damsel (Chrysiptera parasema) specimen from the Philippines or Indonesia locations. These have only yellow on the back tail and a little into the body. They are small, mellow for a damsel, and easy to take care of. They do spawn in captivity easily, though rearing the young can be quite difficult.
Because they are so hardy and they are inexpensive, damselfish are often used to "break-in" new aquariums to establish the nitrification cycle. It takes about one fish for every 10 gallons of water to do this.
Damsels belong to the same family as clownfish but usually the two are separated into anemonefish (clownfish), and damselfish. Some damsels live in a comensal relationship with anemones as do the clownfish. This means they live together, with both the damsel and the anemone benefiting from each others' company. Damsels can be kept in an aquarium with or without an anemone but if you try to keep an anemone you should make sure and meet its special needs.
Most of the fish in the family Pomacentridae can become territorial (aggressive) when they get older. Among the exceptions to this are the Green Chromis, the Blue reef chromis, and the skunk clown. Damselfish are known to live about 10 years in captivity and 20 years in their natural habitats.
Care and feeding: In captivity these fish will eat almost everything that is offered and should be fed everything like live foods (brine shrimp), algae, frozen foods, and flakes. Some damsels are herbivores so vegetarian foods should be included in the mix.
Anemones: Anemones need lots of light (2 to 5 watts per gallon) preferably with some blue spectrum provided by actinic light bulbs or higher temperature metal halide lighting. In nature many clownfish will live with the same anemone. Only one clown will be a dominant female and the rest will be male. Usually in the aquarium though, there will be only one pair per anemone.
For information on which anemones can be kept successfully, please read the section on Anemones.