Animal-World > References Index > Marine - Reef References

Animal-World References Marine and Reef
Saltwater Fish ~ Corals ~ Invertebrates

Marine Aquariums ~ Reef Aquariums

Book References:

  1. Scott W. Michael, Wrasses & Parrotfishes: The Complete Illustrated Guide to Their Identification, Behaviors, and Captive Care, TFH Publications, 2008
  2. Scott W. Michael, The 101 Best Saltwater Fishes: How to Choose & Keep Hardy, Brilliant, Fascinating Species That Will Thrive in Your Home , TFH Publications, 2007
  3. Bob Goemans, The Marine Fish Health & Feeding Handbook: The Essential Guide to Keeping Saltwater Species Alive and Thriving, TFH Publications, 2008
  4. Anthony Calfo, Book of Coral Propagation, Volume 1 Edition 2: Reef Gardening for Aquarists, Reading Trees; 2 edition, 2007
  5. Matthew L. Wittenrich, The Complete Illustrated Breeder's Guide to Marine Aquarium Fishes, TFH Publications, 2007
  6. Scott W. Michael , Damselfishes & Anemonefishes, TFH Publications, 2008
  7. Helmut Debelius and Rudie H. Kuiter, World Atlas of Marine Fishes, (in German) Hollywood Import & Export, Inc., 2006
  8. John E. Randall, Reef and Shore Fishes of the South Pacific: New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands, University of Hawaii Press, 2005
  9. Ronald L. Shimek, Guide to Marine Invertebrates: 500+ Essential-to-Know Aquarium Species, Microcosm, 2005
  10. Alf Jacob Nilsen and Svein A. Fossa, Reef Secrets: Starting Right, Selecting Fishes & Invertebrates, Advanced Biotope Techniques , T.F.H Publications inc., 2003
  11. Paul Humann and Ned DeLoach, Reef Fish Identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas, New World Publications; 3rd edition, 2002
  12. Scott W. Michael, Reef Fishes Volume 1, T.F.H Publications inc., 2001
  13. Vincent B. Hargreaves, The Complete Book of the Marine Aquarium, Thunder Bay Press, 2002
  14. Nick Dakin, foreword by Julian Sprung, Complete Encyclopedia of the Saltwater Aquarium , Firefly Books, Ltd, 2003
  15. Scott W. Michael, Marine Fishes: 500+ Essential-To-Know Aquarium Species, T.F.H Publications inc., 1999
  16. W. Burgess, H. Axelrod, Fishes of California and Western Mexico, T.F.H. Publications, 1984
  17. Scott W. Michael, Reef Aquarium Fishes: 500+ Essential-to-Know Species, Microcosm Ltd, 2006
  18. Scott W. Michael, Fred Bavendam, Paul Humann, and Rudie Kuiter, Basslets, Dottybacks and Hawkfishes: Plus Seven More Aqarium Fish Families with Expert Captive Care Advice for the Marine Aquarist , Microcosm Ltd, 2004
  19. Scott W. Michael, Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes: Reef Fishes Series , Microcosm Ltd, 2004
  20. Kuiter, R., Butterflyfishes, Bannerfishes & Their Relatives, a Comprehensive Guide to Chaetodontidae & Microcanthidae, TMC-Publishing, UK, 2002
  21. H. Debelius, H. Tanaka and R. Kuiter, Angelfishes, A Comprehensive Guide to Pomacanthidae, TMC-Publishing, UK, 2003
  22. Kuiter, R. and. Tonozuka, T., Indonesian Reef Fishes, 3 volume-set, Dive & Dive’s of Bali, 2005
  23. Gunther, A., Catalogue of Fishes in the British Museum, Vol 2 , Wheldon & Wesley and Verlag Cramer (1964 edition), 1860.
  24. Neil Garrick-Maidment, Seahorses : Conservation and Care, T.F.H Publications inc., 2003
  25. Rudie H. Kuiter, Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives: A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes, TMC Publishing, 2001
  26. Rudie H. Kuiter and Helmut Debelius, Surgeonfishes, Rabbitfishes and Their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Acanthuroidei, TMC Publishing, 2001
  27. Rudie H. Kuiter, Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and Their Relatives: A Conprehensive Guide to Selected Labroid, TMC Publishing, 2002
  28. Daniel Knop, Giant Clams: A Comprehensive Guide to the Identification and Care of Tridacnid Clams , Ricordea Publishing, 1996
  29. Robert M. Fenner, The Conscientious Marine Aquarist: A Commonsense Handbook for Successful Saltwater Hobbyists , TFH Publications, 2001
  30. Anthony Calfo and Robert M. Fenner, Reef Invertebrates: An Essential Guide to Selection, Care and Compatibility , Reading Trees, 2003
  31. John H. Tullock, The Reef Tank Owner's Manual, Aardvark Press, 1992
  32. John H. Tullock, Natural Reef Aquariums: Simplified Approaches to Creating Living Saltwater Microcosms , 2001
  33. Julian Spring and Daniel Ramirez, Invertebrates: A Quick Reference Guide (Oceanographic Series), Ricordea Publishing, 2001
  34. Julian Spring and J. Charles Delbeek, The Reef Aquarium: A Comprehensive Guide to the Identification and Care of Tropical Marine Invertebrates (Volume 1), Ricordea Publishing, 1994
  35. Julian Spring and J. Charles Delbeek, The Reef Aquarium: A Comprehensive Guide to the Identification and Care of Tropical Marine Invertebrates (Volume 2), Two Little Fishes; 1st edition, 1997
  36. Julian Spring, The Reef Aquarium: Science, Art, and Technology, (Volume 3), Ricordea Publishing, 2005
  37. Julian Spring, Algae: A Problem Solver Guide (Oceanographic Series) , Ricordea Publishing, 2002
  38. Eric Borneman, Aquarium Corals : Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History , TFH Publications, 2001
  39. Ed Puterbaugh and Eric Borneman, A Practical Guide to Corals for the Reef Aquarium , Crystal Publications, 1996
  40. Helmut Debelius and Hans A. Baensch, Marine Atlas Volume 1 (Baensch Marine Atlas), Microcosm Ltd, 1997
  41. Harry Erhardt and Horst Moosleitner, Marine Atlas Volume 2, Invertebrates (Baensch Marine Atlas), Mergus Verlag GmbH, Revised edition, 2005
  42. Harry Erhardt and Horst Moosleitner, Baensch Marine Atlas, Vol. 3 (Baensch Marine Atlas), Microcosm Ltd, Revised edition, 1998
  43. Dr. P.V. Loiselle and Hans A. Baensch, Marine Aquarist Manual, Tetra Press, 1991
  44. Dr. Warren E. Burgess, Dr. Herbert R. Axelrod, Raymond E. Hunziker III, Dr. Burgess's Atlas of Marine Aquarium Fishes, T.F.H Publications inc., 1990
  45. Joyce D. Wilkerson, Clownfishes, TFH Publications, 1997
  46. Martin A. Moe, Scott W. Michael, Laura Williams, and Kelvin Aitken, Aquarium Sharks & Rays: An Essential Guide to Their Selection, Keeping, and Natural History, TFH Publications, 2003
  47. Martin A. Moe Jr.,  The Marine Aquarium Handbook: Beginner to Breeder , Green Turtle Publications, 1992
  48. Martin A. Moe Jr.,  Marine Aquarium Reference, Systems and Invertebrates , Green Turtle Publications, 1992
  49. Albert J. Theil, Advanced Reef Keeping, Aardvark Press, 1989
  50. Albert J. Theil, Small Reef Aquarium Basics: The Optimum Aquarium for the Reef Hobbyist , Energy Savers Unlimited; Rev&Up Date edition, 1991
  51. Albert J. Theil, Advanced Reef Keeping, Aardvark Press, 1989
  52. Roger Steene, Coral Seas, Firefly Books Ltd, 1998
  53. J.E.N. Veron, Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific , University of Hawaii Press; 2Rev Ed edition, 1993
  54. Gerald R. Allen and Roger Steene, Indo-Pacific Coral Reef Field Guide, Sea Challengers; Reprint Ed, 1998
  55. Dr. Gerald R. Allen, Damselfishes Of The World, Aquarium Systems, 1991
  56. Mark Allen, Roger Steene and Gerald R. Allen, A Guide to Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes , Odyssey Publishing, 1998
  57. Randall, J., Coastal Fishes of Oman, University of Hawaii Press, 1996
  58. Khalaf, M and Disi, A., Fishes of the Gulf of Aqaba, Kegan Paul Intl, 2002
  59. Cuvier, G. in Cuvier, G. & Valenciennes, A., Histoire naturelle des poissons, 22 vols. (1828-1849), Kegan Paul Intl, 2002
  60. Daphne G. Fautin and Gerald R. Allen, Field Guide to Anemonefishes and Their Host Sea Anemones, Western Australian Museum, 1992
  61. Dr. Gerald R. Allen, Damselfishes of the World, MERGUS Publishers, 1991.
  62. P. Humann, Coastal Fish Identification, California to Alaska, New World Pubns Inc, 1996
  63. Dr. Gerald R. Allen, Damselfishes of the South Seas, TFH Publications, 1995
  64. Fautin, D. G. and Allen, Dr. G.R. , Anemone Fishes and Their Host Sea Anemones, Voyageur Press, 1994
  65. John E. Randall, Gerald R. Allen, Roger C. Steene, Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea, Revised edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1996
  66. Dr. Gerald R. Allen, Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World Volume 2, Aquarium Systems; 3rd edition,1985
  67. Warren E. Burgess, Butterflyfishes of the World, TFH Publications,1978
  68. Dr. Gerald R. Allen, Appendix: Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World, Volume 2, Mergus, Germany. 7pp, 1986
  69. Roger Steene, Gerald R. Allen, Hans A. Baensch, Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World, Volume 1, John Wiley & Sons, 1980
  70. Roger Steene, Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World, Volume 1, Mergus, Germany, 1977
  71. Frank Schneidewind, Kaiserfische, (in German) 1999.
  72. Patzner, R. and Moosleitner, H., Meerwasser Atlas, Band 6, (in German) Mergus, Germany, 1999.
  73. Burgess.,W. and Axelrod H., Pacific Marine Fishes Book 4 fishes of Taiwan and Adjacent Waters , TFH Publications,1974
  74. Burgess.,W. and Axelrod H., Pacific Marine Fishes - Book 1: Fishes of Southern Japan and the Ryukyu Islands, TFH Publications,1973
  75. Terrence M. Gosliner, David W. Behrens, and Gary C. Williams, Coral Reef Animals of the Indo-Pacific: Animal Life from Africa to Hawaii Exclusive of the Vertebrates , Sea Challengers, 1996
  76. George Blasiola, The Saltwater Aquarium Handbook, Barron's Educational Series; Revised edition, 2000
  77. Nick Dakin, The Book of the Marine Aquarium, Voyageur Press (MN), 1993
  78. Hillary Hauser, Book of Marine Fishes, Best Pub Co, 1995
  79. Warren E. Burgess, ABC's of Marine Aquariums, Putnam Publishing Group, 1992
  80. C. W. Emmens, Step by Step Book About Setting Up a Marine Aquarium, TFH Publications, 1990
  81. C. W. Emmens, Miniature Reef Aquarium in Your Home, TFH Publications, Revised Ed, 1989
  82. Craig Barker, Starting a Marine Aquarium, TFH Publications, 1981
  83. Edmund J. Mowka, The Seawater Manual: Fundamentals of Water Chemistry for Marine Aquarists, Aquarium Systems Inc, 1981

Magazine & Publications

  1. Jim McDavid, Large Angels in the Home Aquariums, Part 1, Advanced Aquarist, Copyright 2003
  2. Tim Anderson, Koran Angelfish, Tim's Tropicals
  3. Dwarf Pygmy Angelfish, Tropical Fish Information, Copyright 2011
  4. Gregory Schiemer, Aquarium Fish: Pomacanthus navarchus - The Majestic Angelfish, Advanced Aquarist, Copyright 2003
  5. Bongaerts, P, C Riginos, T Ridgway, EM Sampayo, MJH van Oppen, N Englebert, F Vermeulen and O Hoegh-Guldberg, Genetic Divergence across Habitats in the Widespread Coral Seriatopora hystrix and Its Associated Symbiodinium, PLoS ONE 5(5): e10871. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010871, 2010
  6. Ronald L. Shimek, Ph.D., The LIfe and Death of Sea Pens, Reefkeeping Magazine, Reef Central, LLC, Copyright 2008
  7. Ptilosarcus gurneyi (Fleshy Sea Pen),
  8. Sea Pen, Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation
  9. Sea Pen, Wikipedia
  10. Agu Lukk, Propagating Nepthea sp . and Lobophytum crassum , Reefkeeping Magazine, Reef Central, LLC, Copyright 2007-10
  11. Yamazato, K., M. Sato and H. Yamashiro, Reproductive Biology of an Alcyonacean coral, Lobophytum crassum , ReefBase Online Library, 1982
  12. Mark R. Patternson, Patterns of Whole Colony Prey Capture in the Octocoral, Alcyonium siderium, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Copyright ©2000-2010 JSTOR
  13. Y. Benayuahu and Y. Loya, Sexual Reproduction of a Soft Coral: Synchronous and Breaf Annual Spawning of Sarcophyton glaucum, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Copyright ©2000-2010 JSTOR
  14. Biscembranes from the Soft Coral Sarcophyton glaucum, ACS Publications, American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy, Copyright 2006
  15. Albert J Thiel, Heteractis Type Anemones,, Copyright 1995-2008
  16. Dr. Daphne Fautin, Sea Anemones, The University of Kansas Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, Invertebrate Zoology
  17. J. Charles Delbeek, The Effects of Lighting on Bulb-tip Development in the Bulb Tentacle Anemone, Entacmaea quadricolor (Rüppell and Leukart, 1828), with Additional Observations on Sexual Reproduction in E. quadricolor and Stichodactyla gigantea (Forsskål, 1775), Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine, Copyright 2003
  18. K. & N. Sanamyan, D. Schories and H. Krumbeck, Urticina felina (Tealia felina) (Linnaeus, 1761),, Copyright 2004 - 2008
  19. K. & N. Sanamyan, D. Schories and H. Krumbeck, Urticina grebelnyi (Sanamyan & Sanamyan, 2006): Painted Anemone,, Copyright 2004 - 2008
  20. Key Information researched by: Angus Jackson & Dr Keith Hiscock, Dahlia anemone - Urticina felina, MarLIN, The Marine Life Information Network
  21. K. & N. Sanamyan, D. Schories and H. Krumbeck, Urticina crassicornis (O.F. Mueller, 1776),, Copyright 2004 - 2008
  22. Urticina crassicornis, The Northern Red Anemone or The Painted Urticina, Intertidal Marine Invertebrates of the South Puget Sound, 2009,
  23. Roa-Quiaoit, Kochzius, Jantzen, Zibdah, and Richter, Collapse of a New Living Species of Giant Clam in the Red Sea, Current Biology, Volume 18, Issue 17, Pages 1349-1354. 9 September 2008.
  24. Steven E. Wdi and Daphne Fautin Dunn, GAMETOGENENSIS AND RERODUCTIVE PERIODICITY OF THE SUBTIDAL SEA ANEMONE URTICINA LOFOTENSIS IN CALIFORNIA, JSTOR, This journal is licensed to JESTER by American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Copyright ©2000-2006
  25. Hiroyuki Tanaka, Richard L. Pyle, and John E. Randall, The Color Phases of the Fairy Wrasse Cirrhilabrus roseafascia and Comparison with C. lanceolatus, In press, Tokyo, 2006.
  26. Steven Pro, Marine Head & Lateral Line Erosion: A Description of the Syndrome and a Review of its Speculated Causes, Reefkeeping, an online magazine for the marine aquarist, 2006
  27. Prepared by Casey Patton, DOCTORFISH, ICHTHYOLOGY at the Florida Museum of Natural History, Accessed online Dec, 2006
  28. Thin Finger Leather Coral Sinularia flexibis,, Copyright 2003-2008
  29. John P. Hoover, Brown Surgeonfish Acanthurus nigrofuscus, Marine life guides for Hawaii, Fish of the Month, May 2003
  30. Randall, J. & Lubbock, R., Three new labrid fishes of the genus Cirrhilabrus from the Southwestern Pacific, Occ.Paper, B. P. Bishop, Mus. 25(2): 1-12., 1982.
  31. Snyder, J. O., A catalogue of the shore fishes collected by steamer Albatross about the Hawaiian Islands in 1902, Bulletin, United States Fish Commision, 22: 513-538, 1904.
  32. Randall, J., A review of the labrid fishes of the genus Cirrhilabrus from Japan, Taiwan and the Mariana Islands, with descriptions of two new species, Micronesica 25(1); 99-121, 1992.
  33. Randall, J. & Nagareda, B., Cirrhilabrus bathyphilus, a new deep-dwelling labrid fish from the Coral Sea, Cybium 2002, 26(2); 123-127, 2002.
  34. Randall, J. & Carpenter, K., Three new labrid fishes of the genus Cirrhilabrus from the Philippines., Rev. fr. d'Aquariol. 7(1); 17-26., 1980.
  35. Dr. Lexa Grutter and her team, Cleaner Fish Do Clean!, Coral Reef Ecology Laboratory
  36. Bernardi, G.; Bucciarelli, G.; Costagliola, D.; Robertson, D. R.; and Heiser, J.B., Evolution of coral reef fish Thalassoma spp. (Labridae). 1. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography, Marine biology, Vol.144, No. 2, (pp. 369-375), 2004.
  37. Henry C. Schultz III, Fish Tales, online magazine for the marine aquarist, Reef Central™, LLC, 2003.
  38. Michael, Scott W., No-Hassle Wrasse., Marine Fish and Reef USA, Annual Volume 8; 88-95, 2006.
  39. Randall, J. and Wass, R., Two new pomacanthid fishes of the genus Centropyge from Oceania., Jap. J. Ichthyol. 21(3): 137-144., 1974.
  40. Smith-Vaniz and Randall, J., Two new species of angelfishes (Centropyge) from the Cocos-Keeling Islands., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 126(8):105-113, 1974.
  41. Issue No. 4 Specific Gravity, Salinity, Density, Aqua Craft®, Inc., Fuji Publishing Group, 2000.
  42. Bshary R, and Wurth M., Cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus manipulate client reef fish by providing tactile stimulation, PubMed, MPIV Seewiesen, Starnberg, Germany, 2001, July 22
  43. Tebbich S, Bshary R, and Grutter A.S., Cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus recognise familiar clients. Max Planck Institute for Behaviour and Physiology, Germany, Sep;5(3):139-45, 2002
  44. Arnal C, Verneau O, and Desdevises Y., Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of cleaning behaviour in the family Labridae: importance of body colour pattern, PubMed, Parasitologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Universite de Perpignan, Cedex, France, May;19(3), 2006
  45. Alexander Mustard, Cleaners - friend or foe, Alexander Mustard's Guide to the Ecology of Coral Reef,
  46. T. Shigeta, H. Usuki, and K.Gushima, Interaction Between Cleaner and Host: The Black Porgy Cleaning Behavior of Juvenile Sharpnose Tigerfish, Rhyncopelates oxyrhynchus in the Seto Inland Sea, Western Japan
  47. Treasurer, John W., A review of potential pathogens of sea lice and the application of cleaner fish in biological control, PubMed, Publisher: Pest Management Science, Volume 58(546-558), 2002
  48. Alexandra S. Grutter, Fish cleaning behaviour in Noumea, New Caledonia, CSIRO PUBLISHING for CSIRO Australia and the Australian Academy of Science, Volume 50, 1999
  49. Ray, Raising Cleaner Wrasse, RAY'S REEF
  50. The Secret Appetite of Cleaner Wrasses, Science News, August 2, 2003
  51. Alexandra S. Grutter, Effect of the removal of cleaner Fish on the abundance and species composition of reef Fish, University of Queensland, Australia, 7 February 1997
  52. Redouan Bshary, The cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, is a key organism for reef fish diversity at Ras Mohammed National Park, Egypt, Journal of Animal Ecology, Volume 72 (pp.169), January 2003
  53. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) in Sri Lanka, Spotlight on Species Archive, Bicolor Cleaner Wrasse
  54. Colette Wabnitz, Michelle Taylor, Edmund Green, Tries Razak, From Ocean to Aquaria: The Global Trade in Marine Ornamental Species (Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse), UNEP-WCMC, 2003
  55. Karen L. Cheney and Isabelle M. Côté, The ultimate effect of being cleaned: does ectoparasite removal have reproductive consequences for damselfish clients?,  Oxford Journals, Behavior Ecology, 2 February 2003
  56. Henry C. Schultz III, Fish Tales: The Leopards of the Reef, Reefkeeping, an online magazine for the marine aquarist, July 2002
  57. Steven Pro, Marine Ich/Cryptocaryon irritans - A Discussionof this Parasite and the Treament Options Available, Part 1, Reefkeeping, an online magazine for the marine aquarist, August 2003
  58. Nick Ireland, Beautiful and Hardy Surgeonfish, Marine Fish and Reef, USA,Reefkeeping, Fancy Publications, a division of BowTie © 2005 by BowTie Inc, Annual Volume 8, pp. 42-48, 2005
  59. Page researched and compiled by M. McGrouther (November 2004), Eye stripe Surgeonfish, Acanthurus dussumieri, Australian Museum Online, Copyright © Australian Museum, 2006
  60. Henry C. Schultz III, Fish Tales: Is it a Comb or a Bristle (Surgeonfish)? The Genus Ctenochaetus, Reefkeeping, an online magazine for the marine aquarist, July 2003
  61. Gregory Schiemer, Aquarium Fish: Fish Ethics and the Vlamingi Tang, Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine, 2003
  62. Henry C. Schultz III, Fish Tales: Unicorns: More Than a Myth in Reef Aquariums; The Genus Naso, Reefkeeping, an online magazine for the marine aquarist, July 2005
  63. Klausewitz, W., Centropyge eibli, n. sp. von den Nikobaren (Pisces, Percoidea, Pomacanthidae), Senck. boil., 44(3); 177-181, 1963.
  64. Carlson, B. &.Tailor, V., Holacanthus griffisi, a new species of angelfish from the central Pacific Ocean, Freshwater and Marine Aquarist: 8-11, 1981.
  65. Tanaka, H., Two Similar Angelfish from the Red Sea., Aqua (in press), Thailand, 2006.
  66. Kner, R., Ueber neue Fische aus dem Museum der Herren Johann Caser Godeffroy und Sohn in Humburg, Sitzber. Akad. Wiss. Wien., 58; 293-395, 9plts., 1868.
  67. Linnaeus, C., Systema Naturae. ed. Decima. Systema Naturae sive regna tria naturae, systematicae proposita per classes, ordines, genera et species, cum characteribus, differentiss, synonymis, locis, etc. Editio Decima, reformata, Holmiae, 1758. Regnum animale, ⅱ, 842pp.
  68. McCulloch, A. R., Notes on fishes from Australia and Lord Howe Island, Rec. Aust. Mus., 14 (1): 1-22. 14pls., 1923.
  69. Jordan, D. and Seale, A., The fishes of Samoa, description of species found in the archipelago, with a provisional check-list of the fishes of Oceania, Bull. Bur. Fish., 25; 175-455, 1906.
  70. Whitley, G., Fishes from New Caledonia, Proc. Roy. Zool. Soc., N.S.W. 1958-59; 60-65, 1961.
  71. Hydrozoa (Class),
  72. Tanaka, H., The Golden Angelfish, Centropyge aurantia, Randall & Wass. Freshw. Mar. Aquar. Mag. 16 (11) : 104-112,
  73. Pyle, R., Rare & Unusual Marines; The Golden Angelfish Centropyge aurantius, Aqua, Thailand. (in Thai). 1933

Miscellaneous References:

  1. John P. Hoover, Potter’s Angelfish, Centropyge potteri,, Fish of the Month, April 2004
  2. Hexacorallians of the World; Sea anemones, Corals, and their allies,, Catalogue of species, distribution maps, and images. Dr. Daphne G. Fautin
  3. MarLIN, The Marine Life Information Network,,
  4. Coral Reef Eco-Systems -
  5. CoralSearch -
  7. Coral Reef Eco-Systems -
  8. FishIndex -
  9. J&L Aquatics -
  10. Jeff's Exotic Fish -
  11. Marine Depot -
  12. Superior Reef Aquatics -
  13. That Fish Place / That Pet Place -
  14. WetWebMedia -
  15. LiveAquaria -
  16. The Marine Center -
  17. Fish Lore -
  18. The Cephalopod Page -, by Dr. James B. Wood - Director of Education at the Aquarium of the Pacific in Long Beach, California.
  19. Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology -
  20. Saltcorner, Aquarium Library by Bob Goemans -
  21. -
  22. The Fishline, Coral ID,
  23. Drs. Foster & Smith,

Articles and General References

  1. Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C., Aiptasia mutabilis (Gravenhorst, 1831) Trumpet anemone, Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland, 2009
  2. Julian Sprung, Caribbean Gorgonians: Beauty in Motion, Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine, Copyright 2003
  3. Bob Fenner, The Soft Corals, Order Alcyonacea; Use In Marine Aquariums,
  4. The Frugal Reefer, You can mass produce Xenia for trade or sale, Garf. org, referenced 2010
  5. Pulsating Xenia, Reef Corner, referenced 2010
  6. Jo Henry and Lisa Ferrier, Metridium giganteum (Fautin, Bucklin, & Hand, 1989), Identification tools and natural history accounts of the biota of The Evergreen State College.
  7. Scott Boyd, Metridium Anemones, Emerald Sea Photography, Copyright 2008
  8. Cynthia D. Kelly, Thomas J. Fellers and Michael W. Davidson, Metridium, Microscopy Resource Center, Olympus America Inc., Copyright 2000-2008
  9. Julian Sprung, Aquarium Invertebrates, Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine, Copyright 2002
  10. Nanette E. Chadwick, Department of Zoology, Univ. of California, Berkeley, Interspecific Aggressive Behavior of the corallimorpharian Corynactis Californica (Cnidaria: Anthozoa): Effect on Sympatric Corals and Sea Anemones, Licensed to JSTOR by American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Copyright 2000-2006
  11. Dave Cowles, Metridium giganteum Fautin, Bucklin, and Hand, 1989, Walla Walla University, 2005
  12. Great White Shark Predator of the Deep, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  13. University of California Museum of Paleontology, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  14. Shark Trust & IUCN Shark Specialist Group, Prepared by Ian K. Fergusson, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  15., Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  16. White Shark Diving, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  17. Monterey Bay Aquarium: White Shark Research Project, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  18. Shark Diver Magazine, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias
  19. ReefQuest Centre for Shark Research
  20. Biology of the White Shark, by R. Aidan Martin:, Great White Shark - Carcharodon carcharias


  1. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
  2. ARKive, ARKive is a ‘virtual’ conservation effort. "Using film, photographs and audio recordings, ARKive is creating a unique record of the world’s biodiversity - complementing other species information datasets, and making a key resource available for scientists, conservationists, educators and the general public."
  3. UNEP-WCMC United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, "Working towards a wiser world: one in which everyone recognizes that the diversity of life on Earth is vital to the future of humanity. The Centre strives to promote wiser decision-making and a sustainable future by providing information on the conservation and sustainable management of the living world."
  4. Species 2000 and the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), Catalogue of Life programme aims to create a uniform and validated index to the world's known species for use as a practical tool in inventorying and monitoring biodiversity worldwide.
  5. CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), "an international agreement between Governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Roughly 5,000 species of animals and 28,000 species of plants are protected by CITES against over-exploitation through..."
  6. WORMS World Registry of Marine Species, "The aim of a World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on synonymy. While highest priority goes to valid names, other names in use are included so that this register can serve as a guide to interpret taxonomic literature"

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