Animal-World > Aquarium Tropical Fish > Goldfish > Black Moor Goldfish

Black Moor Goldfish

Black Demekin, Black Peony Goldfish, Dragon Eye Goldfish

Family: Cyprinidae Black Moor Goldfish, Carassius auratus, Black Demekin, Black Peony Goldfish, Dragon Eye GoldfishCarassius auratus auratusPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy David Brough
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I have had two Blackmoores, two goldies a Calico and a Bronze one ( don't know the tech names for them ) I have had them for 3 years how ever last week I lost one... (more)  Patricia

The Black Moor Goldfish is basically a black version of the Telescope Goldfish, though the eyes usually don't protrude as far as they do on the Telescope!

The Black Moor Goldfish is one of the more rounded or egg-shaped fancy goldfish. This rounded shape is enhanced by large bulbous eyes protruding from the sides of its head and its long, flowing finnage. Its metallic scales are a deep, velvety black.

The Black Moor is basically a black version of the Telescope Goldfish though its eyes don't protrude quite as far. The dark color and distinctive, bulging eyes have given rise to some descriptive names, such as the Dragon Eye Goldfish and Black Peony Goldfish. Black Moor juveniles are a dark bronze with flat eyes. As they mature, they become black, and their eyes begin to telescope.

While most Black Moors stay black in all sorts of environments, some may change color with age, fading to gray. They can also revert to a metallic orange when kept in warmer water. Though these fish once were available with a beautiful veil tail, the specimens available today have a broad tail, a ribbon tail, or a butterfly tail.

Black Moors are very popular gold fish and can be found in collectors' tanks around the world. Their hardiness and ability to live in cold temperatures make them ideal pets. Along with the Fantail Goldfish, Ryukin Goldfish, Common Goldfish, Comet Goldfish, and Shubunkin Goldfish, the Black Moor are considered good beginner goldfish. However, unlike the similarly egg-shaped Fantail Goldfish and Ryukin Goldfish, the Black Moor must not be kept with highly competitive tankmates.

Additionally, most of these goldfish are hardy enough to live at colder temperatures (as long as the cooling drops only a few degrees a day), which makes them ideal for outdoor ponds. The Black Moor is the only exception. While the Black Moor is hardy enough to withstand colder temperatures, its telescopic eyes cause it to see poorly. Because of this, the Black Moor does not compete well for food and is also subject to injury and infection. The other hardy goldfish mentioned above make unsuitable companions for the Black Moor because they are all too competitive during feeding time. Better tankmates would be the similarly handicapped but less hardy Telescope Goldfish, Celestial Goldfish, and Water Bubble-Eye Goldfish.

For more goldfish information, see:
Goldfish Care: Fancy Goldfish and Goldfish Diseases

Geographic Distribution
Carassius auratus auratus
Data provided by
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii
  • Order: Cypriniformes
  • Family: Cyprinidae
  • Genus: Carassius
  • Species: auratus auratus
Black Moor Goldfish

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A large, 17 cm Black Moor Goldfish shows off its colors!

While arguably not the most graceful fish, this Black Moor Goldfish makes up for that with its stunning and deep black coloring. The video helps showcase why these unique fish are so popular by focusing on watching the fish move around its tank and display its notable and beautiful coloring and body shape.

Black Moor Goldfish - Quick Aquarium Care
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner
  • Size of fish - inches: 4.0 inches (10.16 cm)
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gal (38 L)
  • Temperament: Peaceful
  • Aquarium Hardiness: Very Hardy
  • Temperature: 65.0 to 72.0° F (18.3 to 22.2° C)
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Habitat: Distribution / Background

The goldfish of today are descendants of a species of wild carp known as the Prussian Carp, Silver Prussian carp, or Gibel Carp Carassius gibelio (syn: Carassius auratus gibelio), which was described by Bloch in 1782. These wild carp originated in Asia; Central Asia (Siberia). They inhabit the slow moving and stagnant waters of rivers, lakes, ponds, and ditches feeding on plants, detritus, small crustaceans, and insects.

For many years, it was believed that goldfish had originated from the Crucian Carp Carassius carassius described by Linnaeus in 1758. This fish has a wide range across the waters of the European continent, running west to east from England to Russia, north to Scandinavian countries in the Arctic Circle and as far south as the central France and the Black Sea. However, recent genetic research points to C. gibelio as a more likely ancestor.

Goldfish were originally developed in China. By the 1500s, goldfish were traded to Japan, arriving in Europe in the 1600s and America in the 1800s. The majority of the fancy goldfish were developed by Asian breeders. We can see the results of this centuries-long endeavor in the wonderful colors and shapes of goldfish today. Domesticated goldfish are now distributed world-wide.

The Black Moor Goldfish is a black version of the Telescope Goldfish, which is believed to have been developed in China in the early 1700s. It was known as the Dragon Eyes or the Dragon Fish. In the later part of the 1700s, in Japan, it became known as the Demekin. The Black Moor is also referred to as the Dragon Eye Goldfish, the Black Peony Goldfish, and the Black Demekin. It is one of more than 125 captive-bred fancy gold fish varieties.

  • Scientific Name: Carassius auratus auratus
  • Social Grouping: Groups - Can be kept singly or in groups.
  • IUCN Red List: NE - Not Evaluated or not listed - This species is not listed on the IUCN Red List. Presumably, there are no wild populations of the captive-bred Black Moor Goldfish.


The Black Moor Goldfish is egg-shaped with a short, stubby body and large eyes protruding from either side of its head. It has deep, velvety black metallic scales and long, flowing finnage. Though these fish once were available with a beautiful veil tail, the specimens available today have a broad tail, a ribbon tail, or a butterfly tail.

Black Moor Goldfish, Carassius auratus
Black Moor Goldfish

Black Moor Goldfish will generally reach about 4 inches (10 cm), though some hobbyists report their Black Moors growing to a whopping 10" (25 cm)! The average goldfish lifespan is 10 – 15 years, though it is not uncommon for them to live 20 years or more in well-maintained goldfish aquariums and ponds.

While most Black Moors stay black in all sorts of environments, some may change color with age, fading to gray. They can also revert to a metallic orange when kept in warmer water. Juveniles are a dark bronze and without the protruding eyes, but as they mature they become black and their eyes begin to telescope.

  • Size of fish - inches: 4.0 inches (10.16 cm) - Average size is 4" (10.16 cm), but they have been reported to reach up to 10" (25 cm).
  • Lifespan: 15 years - The average goldfish lifespan is 10 – 15 years, but they have been known to live 20 years or more in well-maintained environments.

Fish Keeping Difficulty

Black Moor Goldfish are among the hardier species of goldfish. They are very undemanding of water quality and temperature. They can do well in a goldfish aquarium or a pond as long as the environment is safe and their tankmates are not competitive.

Many people will keep goldfish in an aquarium with no heater or filtration, but they do best when provided with the same filtration, especially biological filtration, that other aquarium residents enjoy. Extra care must be taken when netting these fish as their eyes are easily damaged. Because they are not fast or efficient feeders, they should not be kept with highly competitive tankmates.

  • Aquarium Hardiness: Very Hardy
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner -

Foods and Feeding

Since they are omnivorous, the Black Moor Goldfish will generally eat all kinds of fresh, frozen, and flake foods. To keep a good balance, give them a high quality flake food every day. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen), blood worms, Daphnia, or tubifex worms as a treat. Freeze-dried foods are usually preferred to avoid the parasites and bacterial infections that could be present in live foods. The Black Moors' protruding eyes give them poor vision, so they need extra time to feed.

  • Diet Type: Omnivore
  • Flake Food: Yes
  • Tablet / Pellet: Yes
  • Live foods (fishes, shrimps, worms): Some of Diet
  • Vegetable Food: Some of Diet
  • Meaty Food: Some of Diet
  • Feeding Frequency: Several feedings per day - This fish has poor eyesight and is somewhat sluggish, so aquarists need to be sure that their Black Moor Goldfish are not being out-competed for food during feeding time.

Aquarium Care

These goldfish are hardy and easy to keep in a well maintained tank. Minimum tank size is 10 gallons, so make sure water changes are frequent in such as small tank. Regular weekly water changes of 1/4 to 1/3 is strongly recommended to keep these fish healthy. Snails can be added as they reduce the algae in the tank, helping to keep it clean.

  • Water Changes: Weekly - Goldfish produce more waste than most other freshwater fish and benefit greatly from more frequent water changes.

Aquarium Setup

Setting up a goldfish aquarium in a manner that will keep your fish happy and healthy is the first step to success. The shape and size of the aquarium is important and depends upon the number of goldfish you are going to keep. These fish need a lot of oxygen and produce a lot of waste. Good filtration, especially biological filtration, is very helpful in maintaining the water quality of the aquarium. A filtration system will remove much of the detritus, excess foods, and waste, which keeps the tank clean and maintains the general health of the goldfish.

  • Tank parameters to consider when choosing a goldfish aquarium:
    • Tank size
      Ten gallons is the absolute minimum required to house a Black Moor. It's best to start with a 20 - 30 gallon tank for your first goldfish and then increase the size of the tank by 10 gallons for each additional goldfish. Providing a large amount of water per fish will help dilute the amount of waste and reduce the number of water changes needed.
    • Tank Shape
      Always provide the maximum amount of surface area. A large surface area minimizes the possibility that the goldfish will suffer from an oxygen shortage. Surface area is determined by the shape of the tank. For example an elongated tank offers more surface area (and oxygen) than a tall tank. Oval or round tanks that are wide in the middle and narrower toward the top might be filled less than full to maximize the surface area.
    • Number of fish
      For juveniles a general rule of thumb is 1 inch of fish (2.54 cm) per 1 gallon of water. However, this rule only applies to young fish. Larger gold fish consume much more oxygen than young fish so maintaining this formula for growing fish will stunt them and could contribute to disease and even death.
    • Fish size and growth
      To allow for proper growth, either buy fewer fish than the maximum number or be prepared to get a larger tank. To prevent stunted growth and other health problems, don't overstock the aquarium.

Goldfish are a cold water fish and will do best at temperatures between 65 - 72° F (18°- 22° C). The Black Moor Goldfish are one of the hardiest varieties of goldfish and can tolerate temperatures a few degrees above freezing as long as the temperature drops only a few degrees a day. A quick temperature drop can kill them, so heaters are strongly advised for goldfish in very cold climates.

Provide a gravel substrate to help create a natural and comfortable environment for your fish. You can add some decor, but keep in mind that the Black Moor has very poor vision because of its eyes. All ornamentation should be smooth with no protruding points or sharp edges. Smooth rocks or driftwood should be used sparingly, if at all. Aquarium plants would normally be the best choice of decor for goldfish, but unfortunately, Black Moors are diggers and may uproot live plants. Artificial plants make a good substitute, and silk plants are safer than plastic ones.

Most aquariums come with a cover that includes lighting. A cover for the tank is desirable as it reduces evaporation and prevents fish from jumping out, though the Black Moor are not prone to jumping. Lighting is not essential for goldfish in general, but it can help the Black Moor find their way around. Lighting also makes the aquarium a nice showpiece and is necessary if you have live plants.

Goldfish are freshwater fish but have some tolerance for slightly brackish water. The salinity level for C. auratus must be kept low, below 10% with a specific gravity of less than 1.002.

  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gal (38 L) - Ten gallons is the absolute minimum required to house this fish. It has high oxygen requirements and produces a lot of waste. A smaller aquarium will stunt the Black Moor's growth and potentially lead to health problems.
  • Suitable for Nano Tank: Yes - A Nano tank is fine as long as it is 10 gallons or more.
  • Substrate Type: Any - A medium-sized gravel works best.
  • Lighting Needs: High - Strong lighting - Strong lighting will help this fish make the best of what little eyesight it has.
  • Temperature: 65.0 to 72.0° F (18.3 to 22.2° C) - This fish will tolerate much colder temperatures, but this range is optimum for both activity and longevity.
  • Breeding Temperature: - In the wild, goldfish spawn in the spring when water temperatures reach about 68° F (20° C).
  • Range ph: 6.0-8.0
  • Hardness Range: 5 - 19 dGH
  • Brackish: Sometimes - The salinity for C. auratus must be kept below 10%, a specific gravity of less than 1.002.
  • Water Movement: Moderate
  • Water Region: All - These fish will swim in all areas of the aquarium.

Social Behaviors

Goldfish are very social animals and thrive in a community. The Black Moor Goldfish is a great community fish. It also does very well with the Telescope Goldfish and the Celestial Goldfish because they all have such poor eyesight.

These goldfish cannot readily compete for food with other sharp-eyed and fast moving types of goldfish, so they may not fare well with such tankmates. Because goldfish are great scavengers, it is really not necessary to add other scavengers or bottom feeders to their aquarium.

  • Venomous: No
  • Temperament: Peaceful
  • Compatible with:
    • Same species - conspecifics: Yes
    • Peaceful fish (): Safe
    • Semi-Aggressive (): Threat
    • Shrimps, Crabs, Snails: Safe - not aggressive
    • Plants: Threat - Goldfish will eat many kinds of aquatic plants. In their constant search for food, they may end up uprooting plants that they don't eat.

Sex: Sexual differences

During the breeding season the male has white prickles, called breeding tubercles, on its gill covers and head. Seen from above a female will have a fatter appearance when she is carrying eggs. It is impossible to sex Goldfish when they are young and not in breeding season, but generally the male is smaller and more slender than the female.

Breeding / Reproduction

Black Moor Goldfish are egg layers that spawn readily in the right conditions. They can be bred in a group as small as five individuals, but as they are very social animals they are likely to breed in larger groups as well. The only time Goldfish will spawn in the wild is when spring arrives. To spawn them in the aquarium you will need to mimic the conditions found in nature.

Provide an aquarium that is at least 20 gallons and make sure the fish are healthy and disease free. Some breeders suggest you treat them for parasites. Many breeders will also separate the males and females for a few weeks prior to breeding to help increase their interest in spawning. Introduce the fish into the breeding tank at the same time. The tank will need a lush environment with solid surfaces for the spawning process and for the eggs to adhere to. Bushy, oxygenating plants, such as Anacharis, work well for this, though artificial plants or fibrous spawning mops can also be used.

To induce spawning, the temperature can be slowly dropped to around 60° F (11° C) and then slowly warmed, at a rate of 3° F (2° C) per day, until they spawn. Spawning generally begins when the temperatures are between 68° - 74° F (20°-23° C). Feeding lots of high protein food such live brine shrimp and worms during this time will also induce spawning. Feed small amounts three times a day, but don't overfeed because any uneaten scraps will sink to the bottom and foul the water. Maintain the breeding tank with partial water changes of up to about 20% a day.

Before spawning, as the temperature increases, the male will chase the female around the aquarium in a non-aggressive way. This can go on for several days and the fish will intensify in color. During the spawn, the fish will gyrate from side to side and the male will push the female against the plants. This stimulates the female to drop tiny eggs which the male will then fertilize. The eggs will adhere by sticky threads to the plants or spawn mop. Spawning can last two or three hours and can produce up to 10,000 eggs.

At this point the parents will start to eat as many eggs as they can find. For this reason it is best to remove the parents after spawning is complete. The fertilized eggs will hatch in 4 to 7 days, depending on the temperature. You can feed the newly hatched goldfish specialty fry foods until they become big enough to eat flake or brine shrimp, or you can offer the same food as you feed the parents as long as it is crushed very small. At first the fry are a dark brown or black color in order to better hide and not be eaten by larger fish. They gain their adult color after several months and can be put in with larger fish once they reach about 1 inch long. See Breeding Freshwater Fish - Goldfish for more information on breeding Goldfish.

  • Ease of Breeding: Moderate

Fish Diseases

In properly maintained goldfish aquariums or ponds, goldfish illness is largely preventable. Even so goldfish illnesses can occur and if left untreated they may prove fatal. Goldfish are hardy, though, and if treated in a timely manner most will make a full recovery.

When treating it is best to move the afflicted fish into a separate tank with no gravel or plants, and do regular partial water changes. However if the disease is apparent throughout the main tank it may be best to do the treatments there. Whether treating a hospital tank or your main tank, read and follow the manufacturer's instructions for any medication. Some medications can adversely affect the water quality by destroying beneficial bacteria. You may also need to remove the carbon from the filtration system, as carbon will absorb many medications making the treatment ineffective.

Goldfish diseases are mostly the same as those that afflict other freshwater fish, and the symptoms and treatment of goldfish is also similar. The main types of fish diseases include bacterial infections, fungal infections, parasites, and protozoa. There are also other ailments caused by injury, poor nutrition, or bad water conditions.

One of the more common problems is Ich, which is a protozoan disease. Ich is easy to identify because your fish looks like it is sprinkled with salt. Though Ich is easily treated, like other protozoan diseases it can be fatal if not caught quickly. Some other protozoan diseases are Costia, which causes a cloudiness of the skin, and Chilodonella, which will cause a blue white cloudiness on the skin.

External parasites are fairly common, too, but pretty easy to treat and are usually not fatal when treated. These include flukes which are flatworms about 1 mm long with hooks around their mouth. They infest the gills or body of the fish. Another is fish lice (Argulus) which are flattened mite-like crustaceans about 5 mm long that attach themselves to the body of the goldfish. Then there are anchor worms which look like threads coming out of the fish.

Some bacterial infections include Dropsy, an infection in the kidneys which can be fatal if not treated quickly. Fish Tuberculosis is another, indicated by the fish becoming emaciated (having a hollow belly). For this illness there is no absolute treatment and it can be fatal. Tail/Fin Rot may also be bacterial, though the reduced tail or fins can be caused by a number of factors as well. There is also fungus, a fungal infection, and Black Spot or Black Ich which is a parasitic infection.

Swim Bladder Disease is an ailment indicated by fish swimming in abnormal patterns and having difficulty maintaining their balance. This can be caused by a number of things: constipation, poor nutrition, a physical deformity, or a parasitic infection. Feeding frozen peas (defrosted) has been noted to help alleviate the symptoms and correct the problem in some cases.

Other miscellaneous ailments include Cloudy Eye, which can be caused by a variety of things ranging from poor nutrition, bad water quality, and rough handling. It can also be the result of other illnesses, such as bacterial infections. Constipation is another, indicated by a loss of appetite and swelling of the body, and the cause is almost always diet. Then there are wounds and ulcers. Wounds can become infected, creating ulcers. Wounds can develop either bacterial or fungal infections, or both, and must be treated. There are treatments for each of these diseases individually, and treatments that handle both. For more in-depth information about goldfish diseases and illnesses, see: Goldfish Care; Fancy Goldfish and Goldfish Diseases.


The Black Moor Goldfish is readily available and fairly inexpensive. They can be found in fish stores and online.


Author: Clarice Brough CFS, David Brough CFS
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Lastest Animal Stories on Black Moor Goldfish

Patricia - 2017-03-26
I have had two Blackmoores, two goldies a Calico and a Bronze one ( don't know the tech names for them ) I have had them for 3 years how ever last week I lost one Blackmoor and at this moment looks like I am loosing my other Blackmoore I am extremely sad.:( ... Tested the water yesterday and it was fine so don't know what is going wrong. Any help would be greatly appreciated :)

SHARLA HARDING - 2005-03-24
My friend gave me some type of fresh water shark a few months ago. He could fit in the palm of your hand. She neglected to feed it and change its water for 2 months. The shock killed him within minutes after i cleaned his tank. My daughter was devastated, so the next day we went and bought her 3 goldfish. One was a comet goldfish, a black moor of course, and a bristol shubunkin. I named the black moor ranon, he eats out of your hand and lets you pet his head. I know he is a little fish but i am very attached. We named our other fish katie, chalendra, and our sucker fish maddox. I am glad that there are other people out there that love their little fishes to. Blue moors are my favorite fishes by far. Sharla harding texas

  • Anonymous - 2016-04-29
    hi name is Sal Cole ...I'm 43 and I've been raising black moors for over 30 they are by far my favorite fish in the world...I have 3 males and they're my babies ..Moe Larry and curly. ( there my stooges ! )...please be sure your fingers are wet when you pet them (their slime coat IS their immune system) any removal of that can kill them ...they're my goofballs and even if I've had the worst day in the world my boys never fail to brighten my day...I like to hand feed them wardly shrimp pellets they love them to the extent that they actually know what the container looks like (even though they naturally have very poor eyesight ) curly is my biggest at 4 inches he's my biggest goofball as I have an l.e.d.bubble at the bottom of our tank and when he tires of swimming he takes a spa treatment and gets a massage by floating right above the bubbles ! enjoy you your moor they're truly awesome fish!!!
  • Michael Flaum - 2016-09-11
    My question is to the " anonymous" who raised her three stooges!  My female moor is full of eggs and has black spots now ( evidence of the eggs) ..she is floating on top of tank.... is there something i can do for her?
Laylovv - 2009-10-31
Moor Goldfish Owners, please do not put your moor in a tank with anything other than another Moor. If you are extremely experienced then disregard as you know what types can live in harmony. Moors are my favorite:) It makes me ill when I hear "I just bought a new moor goldfish and put him in a bowl" Or " my other fish nip my moor and scare him to the other side of the tank" Or "My moor is in a 3 gallon tank".

These fish CANNOT compete with anyother fish for food. If you think it is funny when your other fish nip at him try putting a pitbull in your bedroom and when ever you try to sleep it bites you. This is what your putting your Moor goldfish through. They are not athletes and their eyesite is poor but they have the best personalities of all fish I have owned. To kill a fish out of ignorance is still your fault. If you have killed more than 2 fish then pick a different hobby. Fish are not for children. If you are too busy to change 20% of the water each week then get a betta. If you do not have the money for a filter that is $20-$30 then go get a betta. If you do not have the money to buy your moor antibiotics or melafix or other remedies when it gets sick then you should not have a fish. MOOR GOLDFISH ARE THE MOST DELICATE FISH. DO NOT GET A MOOR GOLDFISH IF YOU HAVE NEVER HAD A FISH BEFORE.

Start with a Betta, or a NON-FANCY Goldfish. Regular old goldfish are very very hearty as are Bettas. These are fish you can put in a 3 gallon tank and feed and have very little responsibility.

  • Mike - 2010-03-02
    "Moor Goldfish Owners, please do not put your moor in a tank with anything other than another Moor?

    The statement you've made is incorrect: I have a 30 gallon tank with a moor, tele, and dojo loach for the past 5 years and they get along fine, you don't have to house them with just moors as long as your goldies aren't fighting they can be housed with a bunch of different fish excluding aggressive fish as they will nip and bite at them.
  • Paige - 2010-03-16
    "If you are too busy to change 20% of the water each week then get a betta."

    Actually, water for a Betta should be changed more often than a Black Moor Goldfish, depending on the side of the tank. Anything under 1 gallon should have at least a 50% (preferably 100%) water change daily; anything over 1 gallon to five gallons should have a 20-30% water change weekly. Bettas are extremely prone to fin rot from dirty water, and although they are not overly dirty fish, their water does get contaminated fairly quickly.

    Please do not assume that Betta fish are the easiest of fish to care for. Contrary to popular belief, they in fact should not be kept in anything under 1 gallon, because the lack of surface area for them to move around in can cause them to get ill very quickly. Bettas also need a slightly warmer water temperature, from about 70F to 80F. Although Bettas are good for beginners, they can't be completely disregarded when it comes to care. If these small needs are fulfilled, these fish can be great pets that are full of personality :)
  • Ferrell - 2010-04-21
    Thats mean saying that kids cannot take care a black moor I just bought a black moor and my sis bought a shunbunkin yesterday. Today Blackie (black moor) is now the boss of the tank against a shunbunkin. I can change my water in the 2.5L fish tank. This is my first time having a fish and blackie is doing great with Sparkles (shunbunkin)
  • Gabi - 2010-06-21
    Hello Laylovv, I just red your comment about the Moor Goldfish; I got one for my anniversary, and he seems a little bit sick. Like wanting to be under some rocks that I have in my aquarium. And he also is having some strange actions like ''seeing dead'' or laying on his side. I'm so sad, I don't want him to die :/. Can you help me? Is there an antibiotic or a remedy that I can give him? Or do you know why is he doing this weird stuff? Thank you so much
  • Noah - 2010-06-23
    "Regular old goldfish are very very hearty as are Bettas. These are fish you can put in a 3 gallon tank and feed and have very little responsibility."

    Although Bettas might be ok in a tank that small, "regular old goldfish" need even more room than fancy goldfish like Black Moores! Common, comet, and shubunkin goldfish need 20 gallons per fish as they can attain a size twice as large as fancy goldfish.
  • betty - 2010-07-26
    I keep and love goldfish as well as bettas. There are many misconceptions that bettas can handle "dirty" water easier. It is very hard on them and I believe just as hard as on a goldfish. If you do want to start with a betta, decide to give it a good life by keeping its water clean and warm. If you decide to go with Moors, {I agree not the best first fish} be very sure they are getting food in their quite small mouths. They can slowly be starving, until one day they are limp and almost unable to respond. They can really have a hard time getting enough food. They need more observation than say Orandas or Lionheads but are wonderful.
  • Leah Macdonald - 2010-08-02
    I started out with 3 moor goldfish and they were fantastic. Two of the three died not long after I got them although they were not particularly healthy from the start as the shop I got them from was not very good. I still have one of the three which has lived quite happily with a fancy goldfish for the last 3 years in a 60L bio-orb tank. I also have another moor in another 60L tank which lives comfortably with 6 white clouds and 2 orandas with absolutely no problems. From my experience they can live well with other types of fish it just depends on the circumstances but I agree that they should not be kept in a bowl or a 3 gallon tank as they do grow quite big. I have one which started out as less than an inch big and is now at 6 inches in just 2 years.
  • jennie - 2013-03-21
    I have my black moore with another fancy gold fish and they r doing good so I don't know were u get ur info but it isn't true
  • Adam - 2013-07-11
    Got a Black Moor today after having goldfish for quite a few years, within a matter of minutes I noticed one of my gold fish chasing and nipping the moor, luckily I have a smaller tank which I have put my gold fish in and left my moor in the 54L tank, quite a character!
  • Jillian - 2014-03-14
    -_- NOT impressed with the Pit Bull comment. I love my Black Moor, but I love my Pit Bull too and I have a real problem with people using these beautiful animals as an example of nastiness and meanness. NOT impressed.
  • helga - 2014-05-23
    I have 3 goldfish and 2 black moors. I bought them at Walmart lol, but now after 3 years the goldfish have grown to 6 inches and the moors as well. I do have them outside in a 100 gallon metal tank and the Arizona winters don't bother them at all. The only weird thing is: one of the black moors has now turned almost completely orange. The black moors figured out pretty quick to come up with the goldfish when I throw food in the tank, and they may not see that great, but they sure get their share of the food. I do have a good filtration system in the tank. I wonder how long those fish will live?
  • Anonymous - 2014-06-03
    Dude, Bettas NEED filters.
  • Joe - 2014-06-05
    I had a black moor with two commons and two Shubunkins. My moor chased and nipped at them when I first got him. I had to put him in a separate tank while my Shubunkins tails healed. After a few weeks in solitary confinement I put him back with the rest of the gang. He learned his lesson and never nipped them again. Unfortunately he and two of the others eventually died from a severe fungal infection. Gave them all their meds but the meds took too long to kick in. I won't bother with a moor again quite simply because I don't trust myself to care for it properly.
  • suzi - 2014-10-26
    I love my Moores. They act like little kids. Yes, They truly have real personalities! I agree with you why would anyone want to hurt a fish? Unless they are still angry at the world because they got Bullied at School!
  • Anonymous - 2014-12-26
    I bought a red and white ryukin to go in my tank with my moor today, but when I put it in within minutes the ryukin was nipping my moor and my moor was in the back corner behind a house thing I had put there. I quickly removed the ryukin but noticed that my moors tails have a few tears and I'm feeling really bad. Would my moor do better as an individual or with a friend because so far I'm thinking individual.
  • Anonomus - 2016-04-09
    I have had a black moor for two years now and he is the bully of the tank. I had gotten a female Betta which I put with him and within three days he had killed her and buried her.
  • Michael Flaum - 2016-09-11
    I have two black moors. I started with a ten gallon tank the pet shop said was fine...NOT!  Six months later i just got a 36 gallon tank. They love it. I have in the tank two small cat fish, a school of fifteen neon tetras and two snails. They all get along and the black moors dont even bother the tetras.  They school around .  I am very happy with the tank . I put two filters in it. One has forty gallon capacity one thirty. I was told to double the filtration needed for goldfish. The water is totally clear and they all seem happy and swiming all over the tank. They even play in the bubbbles from the airiator.
Anonymous - 2016-05-09
Hi lol my black Moore died and it was very sad

  • Anonymous - 2016-05-17
    Mine just died ...
  • Anonymous - 2016-07-18
    I didn't think mine would love. But she did... 2 years later she's still here