Blood Parrot

Bloody Parrot Fish, Jellybean Parrot Cichlid, Blood Parrotfish

Blood Parrot Fish, Bloody Parrot, Blood Parrotfish, American Cichlid HybridBlood ParrotPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Giannis
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I have three blood Parrotfish for about five years now and notice that one of them is developing small holes in its forehead between the eyes. They do not seem to... (more)  Delores Prostek

The Blood Parrot is just about the most curious result of cichlids interbreeding, and has created quite a stir in the aquarium hobby!

The Blood Parrot is a fascinating looking fish that has been developed in captivity and does not appear in the wild. They have a roundish 'balloon' shaped body and a very small mouth. They are also known as the Bloody Parrot, Blood Parrot Cichlid, and Blood Parrotfish. Perhaps they are called Parrotfish because their nose looks like a 'parrot's' beak.

It is not uncommon for cichlids in captivity to interbreed among themselves. When they are in spawning mode, they will often respond to a fish of the opposite sex whether it is the same species or another fish of a closely related species. While the Blood Parrot's exact geneology is unknown, it is likely the result of such interbreeding between a combination of types of Central American and South American cichlids. 

These fish can be solid in color or have a "calico" patterning or blotching. They come in a variety of colors. ranging from basic pale or bright yellows, to oranges and reds. Dyed fish are often available in purples, pinks, blues, and other colors. These are generally sold as the 'Jellybean Parrot' and 'Bumble Gum Parrot'. There are also other names that describe them by their color such as 'Purple Parrot'. In addition, there are Blood Parrots described by their physical appearance such as the tailfin-less 'Love Heart Parrot' which resembles a heart.

The Blood Parrot will make a wonderful addition to the aquarium of both the beginner and more experienced aquarist. They are a shy and fish and should not be kept with aggressive tank mates. However, if you keep them in a community aquarium with similar sized fish, be aware that they can be territorial. They like an aquarium with lots of rock formations and caves for retreating and hiding. Plants are not essential though they do not harm them.

These fish should not be confused with the Parrot Cichlid Hoplarchus psittacus which is another freshwater cichlid from South America that is quite aggressive. They also have no relation to the saltwater Rivulated Parrotfish Scarus rivulatus (previously Callyodon fasciatus). There is also another popular cichlid hybrid called the Flowerhorn Cichlid. It too is very attractive but much difference in appearance than these Parrotfish.

For Information on keeping freshwater fish, see:
Freshwater Aquarium Guide: Aquarium Setup and Care

Blood Parrot Cichlids Guarding a Cave

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Group of Blood Parrots in front of a cave.

Quite a few beautiful Blood Parrots swimming around the entrance to a cave. Shows the natural awkwardness of the Parrot's swimming style and also a little bit of aggression by a few of the group towards the others.

Blood Parrot - Quick Aquarium Care
  • Size of fish - inches: 8.0 inches (20.32 cm)
  • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gal (114 L)
  • Temperament: Peaceful
  • Aquarium Hardiness: Moderately hardy
  • Temperature: 70.0 to 82.0° F (21.1 to 27.8° C)
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner
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Habitat: Distribution / Background

The Blood Parrots are fish developed by breeders and hobbyists. Since they are a hybrid, they are domestic and only found in aquariums. There are no wild populations. They are also called the Bloody Parrot and Blood Parrotfish. Some varieties are described by their physical appearance such as the Love Heart Parrot, which has no tail fin.

Dyed specimens are known as the Jellybean Parrot or Bubble Gum Parrot. These are albino or light colored Blood Parrots dyed to produce pinks, purples, blues, and other colors. Others are given names that describe them by their color such as Purple Parrot. Obtaining dyed specimens is not recommended and these fish often having a blotchy appearance. One reported method of coloring is done by injecting dye under the skin which then fades within a few months. Colorized fish in general are said to have health problems and often early deaths.

Dr. Jungle asks..."Who's your daddy?"

The Blood Parrot is said to have been bred in Taiwan and the suggested parents are Central and South American cichlids. But it is up to speculation which parents actually produced the Blood Parrot. There are two different sets of parents suggested as the cross which created these hybrids:

First generation:

  • One commonly suggested cross is between two Central American cichlids:
    Midus Cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus (previously Cichlasoma citrinellum) and the Redheaded Cichlid Paraneetroplus synspilus (previously Cichlasoma synspilum)
  • The second commonly suggested cross is between a Central American cichlid and one of two South American Cichlids:
    the Red Devil Cichlid Amphilophus labiatus (previously Cichlasoma labiatum) and one of either the Severum Heros severus (also called the Banded Cichlid) or the Blue-eye cichlid Cryptoheros spilurus (previously Cichlasoma spilurum).

The behavior of the Blood Parrot hybrids is peaceful and shy. This is a characteristic only found in the Severums from South America. The other three Central American cichlids are quite aggressive.

Second generation:

  • A further developed variety is the "Convict Parrot Cichlid". They are a cross between a female hybrid Blood Parrot and a pink male Convict Cichlid Amatitlania nigrofasciata (previously Archocentrus nigrofasciatus and Cichlosoma nigrofasciatum). Some of these fish have been dyed as well, and they are also called the 'Jellybean' Parrot' or 'Bubble Gum' Parrot'.
  • Blood Parrots have reportedly been crossed with other cichlid species such as the Severum Heros severus and the Texas Cichlid Herichthys cyanoguttatus (previously Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum).

There may be other new varieties showing up down the road. In their book "Encyclopedia Of Exotic Tropical Fishes For Freshwater Aquariums", authors Glen S. Axelrod, Brian M. Scott, and Neal Pronek share the views of different hobbyists. They share that "some breeders argue that cross-breeding contributes to scientific knowledge of fish and their reproductive strategies, others believe it is arrogant and unethcal for humans to think they can improve on nature" and "there are over 20,000 known fish species already... so there is no need to create new ones". They also point out that problems can be created by exaggerating physical traits.

  • Scientific Name:
  • Social Grouping: Groups - Not found in the wild.
  • IUCN Red List: NE - Not Evaluated or not listed - This fish is not found in the wild.


The Blood Parrot has a roundish 'balloon' shaped body. They have a very small mouth and perhaps they are called Parrotfish because their nose looks like a parrot's beak. They also have some other distinctions such as their deformed spines which gives them their unique shape and their overly large iris. Because they have exaggerated physical traits sometimes their small mouths do not close normally, making it more difficult for them to eat. Also their egg-shaped bodies make it difficult for them to swim naturally, and so they are awkward and lacking in grace.

Blood Parrot varieties
Hybrid Photo © Animal-World: Courtesy David Brough

They can be solid or have a 'calico' patterning or blotching and are available in a variety of colors from basic pale or bright yellows to oranges and reds. There are also color varieties which are dyed albinos or dyed light colored Blood Parrots. These are generally referred to as the 'Jellybean Parrot' and 'Bumble Gum Parrot', though their names can describe them by color such as the 'Purple Parrot'. Then there are Blood Parrots described by their physical appearance such as the 'Love Heart Parrot', which has no tail fin.

A further developed variety is the Convict Parrot Cichlid, which is also called the 'Jellybean' Parrot or 'Bubble Gum' Parrot'. This is actually a 'double hybrid' fish between a female hybrid Blood Parrot and a pink male Convict Cichlid. Blood Parrots have reportedly been crossed with other cichlid species such as the Severum and the Texas Cichlid. So there may be other new varieties showing up in the future.

All cichlids, along with some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish, share a common trait of a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth located in the throat, along with their regular teeth. Cichlids have spiny rays in the back parts of the anal, dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins to help discourage predators. The front part of these fins are soft and perfect for precise positions and effortless movements in the water as opposed to fast swimming.

Cichlids have one nostril on each side while other fish have 2 sets. To sense "smells" in the water, they suck water in and expel the water right back out after being "sampled" for a short or longer time, depending on how much the cichlid needs to "smell" the water. This feature is shared by saltwater damselfish and cichlids are thought to be closely related.

  • Size of fish - inches: 8.0 inches (20.32 cm)
  • Lifespan: 10 years

Fish Keeping Difficulty

The Blood Parrot is a hardy fish and good for the beginner cichlid keeper.  Because of the shape of the mouth feeding can be difficult at times, but there are commerical foods designed for this fish.  These fish are messy feeders, so be prepared to perform a good deal of cleaning.

  • Aquarium Hardiness: Moderately hardy
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner

Foods and Feeding

Since they are omnivorous the Blood Parrot will generally eat all kinds of live, fresh, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food or pellet everyday. Feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen) or blood worms as a treat. Live guppies and goldfish will suffice when they get bigger. Proteins high in B-carotene will promote good coloring.

  • Diet Type: Omnivore
  • Flake Food: Yes
  • Tablet Pellet: Yes - Sinking pellets work best.
  • Live foods (fishes, shrimps, worms): Some of Diet - Make sure to quarantine feeders prior introducing them to the main tank as food.
  • Vegetable Food: Some of Diet
  • Meaty Food: Some of Diet
  • Feeding Frequency: Several feedings per day

Aquarium Care

Perform water changes of 20 - 25% weekly, more or less depending on stocking numbers. If water quality is ignored, as with all cichlids, disease and death can occur.  The viewing panes should be cleaned with a sponge or algae magnet, once algae settles use a siphon vacuum to clean all the debris from the substrate.  Make sure to get up all the excess food the the Parrot leaves behind.

  • Water Changes: Weekly

Aquarium Setup

A 30 gallon tank will be fine for juveniles for the first couple of years, but for adults 55 gallons is suggested. They prefer slow to moderate moving water along with good efficient filtration.  Because thse fish are such messy eaters, a large canister filter will work best. The aquarium should have low to moderate lighting. Provide a substrate of fine dark sand along with rocks and roots for places to hide along with open areas for swimming.  Make sure to use a fairly soft substrate as these fish enjoy digging. Plants can also be included as they will not bother them.

They can be easy to care for if water changes are performed frequently. They can have a lifespan of 10 or more years with proper care.

  • Minimum Tank Size: 30 gal (114 L) - 30 for juveniles and a minimum of 55 for adults.
  • Substrate Type: Sand/Gravel Mix
  • Lighting Needs: Moderate - normal lighting
  • Temperature: 70.0 to 82.0° F (21.1 to 27.8° C)
  • Range ph: 6.5-8.0
  • Hardness Range: 2 - 25 dGH
  • Brackish: No
  • Water Movement: Weak
  • Water Region: Middle

Social Behaviors

As a cichlid with aggressive parents, they would not be considered a community fish. However with their shy peaceful nature they can be kept in aquariums with other fair sized fish. If kept with other cichlids, make sure their tank mates are not overly aggressive. They can be kept with Angelfish, peaceful catfish species such as Plecostomus, Corydoras and Glass Catfish, Kuhli Loaches, livebearers like Swordtails, and characins such as Tetras,and Silver Dollars.  This being said some of these fish develop a mean streak so keep a close eye on them if kept in a community tank.

  • Temperament: Peaceful - Most are peaceful but some show aggressive mood swings.
  • Compatible with:
    • Same species - conspecifics: Yes
    • Peaceful fish (): Monitor
    • Semi-Aggressive (): Monitor
    • Aggressive (): Threat
    • Large Semi-Aggressive (): Threat
    • Large Aggressive, Predatory (): Threat
    • Slow Swimmers & Eaters (): Monitor
    • Shrimps, Crabs, Snails: Safe - not aggressive
    • Plants: Safe

Sex: Sexual differences

Sexing them is difficult. Males will show a pink around their gills and on the throat when they are in spawning colors.

Breeding / Reproduction

The Blood Parrot has been known to breed, but most often their eggs are infertile unless they are paired with a non-hybrid fish. See the general description of how to breed Cichlids in: Breeding Freshwater Fish: Cichlids.

  • Ease of Breeding: Difficult - They can only produce viable offspring with a partner of another type of cichlid; two Blood Parrots cannot reproduce.

Fish Diseases

The Blood Parrots are susceptible to typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation. They tend to be susceptible to illness when stressed, usually caused by not providing ample hiding places. One common problem is Ich. It can be treated with the elevation of the tank temperature to 86° F (30° C) for 3 days. If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be treated with copper (remove any water conditioners). Several copper based fish medications are available for Ich. Copper use must be kept within the proper levels, so be sure to follow the manufacturers suggestions. A copper test also can be used to keep the proper levels. You can also combine increased temperature with an Ich medication treatment. Intestinal disease can be treated with metronidazol.

These fish can have Swim Bladder issues that cause them to swim swim in unusual ways, sometimes even stuck upside down!  This disorder is usually caused by an inadequate diet. Because this is so common, feeding the Parrot shelled peas once a week can help prevent this. At a last resort an Epson Salt bath can be peformed for 20 minutes twice a day.

These fish also commonly get Stress Spots which resemble Black Spot Disease. Stress Spots can come and go. They tend to occur when the fish is changing homes, being bullied, is suffering from an illness, or just stressed.  These spots normally go away when the stressor is identified and removed.

As with most fish they are prone to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. It is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases. Knowing the signs and catching and treating them early makes a huge difference. For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatments.


The Blood Parrot or Jellybean Parrot, has become commonly available. They can often be found in fish stores and sometimes online and are moderately priced, but generally a bit more than other common cichlids. Price is dependent on size, color, and type.

The Convict Parrot Cichlid, which is also called the 'Jellybean' Parrot or 'Bubble Gum' Parrot', is also sometimes available. They can often be found in fish stores and sometimes online and are tend to cost a bit more than the standard Blood Parrot.


Author: Clarice Brough CFS, Jeremy Roche
Lastest Animal Stories on Blood Parrot

Delores Prostek - 2010-02-26
I have three blood Parrotfish for about five years now and notice that one of them is developing small holes in its forehead between the eyes. They do not seem to be infected but one of them is getting quite deep. Does anyone have any suggestions as to what I can do? I'd certainly appreciate it. The residents of this retirement community really enjoy them. Thanks

  • Editor's Note - 2010-02-27
    It sounds like you are describing what is called Hole-in-the-head disease or Lateral Line disease. It is usually seen in oscars and other large cichlids. It is not fatal and has been something of a mystery as to the exact cause. Non-optimal water conditions are what is usually cited as the cause. Also a diet that is not varied enough. There are medications which work with varying success rates, but it is usually suggested to improve conditions in order to halt the advance of the disease.
  • jordan 11 - 2014-09-30
    The South African Department of Labor reported last month that the nation has too few jobs for unskilled labourers. The department also said there are not enough workers for highly skilled positions.
Scott - 2003-11-18
I had bought 5 of these parrot fish, One was purple, one a brigh grass green, one radiant red, one a bright floresent orange, and one was a hot pink color. Later I found out that these fish had been injected with dye at some distributors the pet store had puchased them from. But even after they have lost that bright color 3 returned to a nice mellow yellow and the other two a red orange. Mine have paired off with one single one being sort off the target fish. They have laid eggs several times but never produced. I think the fish is a great looking animal but with the difficulties they have with being a hybrid and having deformities I would think it best to keep them in a take just with there own kind.

  • David - 2013-02-18
    I now have 2 parrots that have paired up. I was told by my fish guy that they are infertal with each other; however, they are fertal with some other South American cichlids, such as: a flowerhorn. I have seen fry from a parrot and flowerhorn, but never with my own. I also have a few gold barbs and odessa barbs in my tank. I would really love to make babies in my tank, but I really know that will never happen unless I get new fish.
Janice - 2003-08-17
I bought my very first Blood Parrot on 8/16/03 and although I have only had him/her for 1 day, I can safely say that I love my fish. This is the most entertaining fish I have in my whole tank. He loves to swim on his side and take nose dives at the bubble strip at the back of the tank and also nose dives at the gravel. He will stop and look at his own reflection for minutes at the time and then try to what looks like kiss himself. He is so funny. I have named him Sebastian after the orangy/red crab in the Little Mermaid.

Man made/bred fish or not, I love him and hope to have this little fella around for a long time.


  • Deborah Harper - 2010-08-27
    i first saw this fish at my doctors office and fell in love with it so i went out and got me two, but i have a problem right now and i really would like some help, i just got a new one, even though i quess i had not paid much attention on how "bosses" henry gets to isabella, their names,it has only been one day but henry has been so bossey to buddy that buddy is not coming out from the corner, i changed the things around in the tank but that has not helped will buddy be ok? i am getting a bigger tank and i hope that will help.
  • Deborah Harper - 2010-09-13
    I am still trying to find out about the parrot fish and I haven't found out anything about why they push one another around other then being bossy but sometimes they even get mouth to mouth to each other, my little one, her name is isablea, tries to ignore the bossy one but it is hard for her, what can you do to get harmony in the tank?
  • Timeka - 2010-10-11
    I just purchased 2 purple parrots and I'm a little concerned with the fish. They don't swim much at all. If I didn't know for a fact that I put them in the tank they could almost pass for decoration in the tank. It's not a bad thing. I just want to know if this is normal behavior and if not... what should I try to get them well if they're ill? I really love these fish.
  • Anonymous - 2013-08-05
    Parrot fish are shy they tend to hide when being introduced to a new tank, home, person, ex.. After a few days maybe even a few weeks they should lighten up a bit after getting more comfortable.
Cyndi - 2004-04-16
My "fish guy" at the pet store informed me that my orangy fellows live approx. 90 years! Heck, I can see the look on my kids face when she reads my Will - Daughter gets the blood red parrots. I wish I would be there to see the look on her face.

  • Jordan Lorilla - 2014-04-26
    When done wrong, they die extremely fast, but even when done right, they probably won't live 90 Years! But you'll probably enjoy your blood parrot for a good 3-10 years if done right. The exact age the fish will live depends on the individual, but it'll probably live in that range.
  • Kathy - 2014-06-01
    I had two beautiful Parrot Fish, Peter and Patty, for eight years. They died within a couple of hours of each other. They always played together and bred. Of course the eggs never produced. They are a beautiful animal and fun to watch. They would also stare at me through the glass when I was in the same room. Some people have compared Parrot Fish to a dolphin. They are very friendly and do get used to seeing you. Afer they passed, I bought more (8).
AquaTramp - 2009-06-27
Blood parrots do fine with larger community fish. Due to them not being able to bite to defend themselves, I would not put them in a tank with aggressive fish as they can not defend themselves. All they can do is a lot of pushing. Another mild cichlid should be OK such as the Severum, tho.

"Bubblegum" parrots are those that have been dyed. "Jellybean" parrots are the off- spring of your female blood parrot with a convict. Jellybeans are often mistakenly referred to as dyed which is incorrect information. Male blood parrots are infertile so if you have a pair of BP and they spawn, don't get exicted. The eggs will not live. The female can have fry with a few other male cichlids, tho.

Parrots can get Blood Spot Disease from poor water conditions. I do 50% water changes in all my fish tanks including that of my blood parrots. Some parrots also get black skin pigmentation so do not confuse this with the black spot disease.

  • sherry cotten - 2013-10-27
    PLEASE help us we are beside ourselves, we have a thirty gallon tank and we had two parrot fish. One was getting sick swimming upside down, lost color, would not eat, was hiding, we got the ick stuff and fish first aid and it seemed to bounce back and forth. We went to serveral pet stores and read a lot of on line info, also had black spots on head and fins then they said it was just stressed and stop treating tank and we did and fish died and now the other has spots. We have been doing water changes and did one yesterday but water smells and we are not sure what to do as other seems to have like itchy skin and spots WE DON'T WANT TO KILL ANOTHER FISH WHAT ARE WE DOING WRONG? THANKS, SHERRY.
  • bp - 2014-01-09
    To Sherry. How big is your tank? Have you checked your water conditions on ph, ammonia levels, nitrite, and nitrate levels as well as the correct temperature? Are you feeding with a good mix of food including pellets, peas to prevent swim bladder, or brine shrimp/blood worms for treats. Are you doing enough water changes like a recommended weekly? And do you have other fishes that may bully your blood barrots?
benruth - 2004-06-28
I keep a pair of blood parrots. Just the other day, one of them got a piece of gravel stuck inside its mouth! It was hiding away inside the caves for a couple of days, basically not its normal active playful self. Then one day, it got hungry enough to appear to dive for the floating pellets during mealtimes, and appears to spit it out when it reaches it. That is when i had the opportunity to see a piece of stone in its mouth!

i caught it with my net, and used a pair of tweezers to gently extract out the stone. It took a couple of attempts, as it seems lodged firmly inside. Thank God, it was finally pulled out, and i released the blood parrot back into the tank.

Within a couple of hours, it got back its normal appetite and level of energy! These fishes are indeed the center of (dis)traction for me! I highly recommend this fish.

  • Angie - 2013-11-30
    Your post may be too dated for this response, but just in case, I have a question. Did someone help you remove the piece of gravel? Exactly how did you accomplish such a procedure on a little fish especially if he was trying to get away? I ask because I need to get some debris off my little maroon clown fish who is only about 2 inches long, if that! Hoping for a reply, Angie

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