Animal-World > Birds > Parakeet: Types of Parakeets > Budgerigars - Parakeets

Budgerigar, Parakeets


Family: Psittacidae Several different Colored ParakeetsA Group of Very Colorful BudgiesMelopsittacus undulatusPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy David Brough
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Budgies are a wonderful pet! I have four right now and they are definitely my best friends. I agree with the authors statement that giving them plenty of flight... (more)  Katrina

   Not only does the Parakeet or Budgerigar make a super pet, but is also available in over 100 color forms!

  Colorful, attractive, and lively are just some of the great attributes of the Parakeet or Budgerigar. With their warm and inquisitive personalities, they make a great pet for both the beginner or an experienced bird keeper. They are quite hardy, inexpensive, and easy to care for.

To learn more about Parakeets and their needs visit:
Guide to a Happy, Healthy Parakeet

Geographic Distribution
Melopsittacus undulatus
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Data provided by
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Melopsittacus
  • Species: undulatus

Scientific Name: Melopsittacus undulatus

Overview, history, and species variants:    The parakeet, or Budgerigar, belongs to the family of true parrots, which explains why the parakeet is relatively adept at learning to talk. The parakeet comes from Australia and the first European to write anything about these colorful birds was John Gould in 1865 in his work titled "Birds of Australia".
   This bird, along with about 30 - 45 other small broad-tailed parrot species, belong to a tribe called Platycercini. The members of this group are all native to Australia in particular, but also to Australasia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, and nearby islands. Besides the Budgerigar, It includes birds like the grass parrots, Rosellas, and the New Zealand parrots.
   In the wild, the Parakeet or Budgerigar, comes from the interior of Australia where the landscape is almost desert-like and there are no regular rainy seasons. This arid environment will go for months and sometimes years without rain. Needless to say, this is a hardy bird.


Parakeet Book!

Pet appeal:    Parakeets make very good pets as long as they have a lot of attention and love. These birds are very social by nature. Living in groups of 20 to 40 and sometimes as many as 60 birds in the wild, and don’t like to be left alone. So if you own only one bird and you work 8 hour days, think about possibly getting him a mate or finding someone to at least keep the bird company for part of the time that you are gone. Parakeets make just as good of pets singly or in pairs or more, but make sure that you introduce one bird at a time.
   Parakeets are monogamous so once they find a mate it is usually for life unless of course one of them has an untimely death in which the other would then find a new mate. Parakeets are very good flyers. In the wild they fly back and forth across vast regions searching for food and water, so provide them with free flying time and you will have a much happier birds.

Description:    Parakeets come in over 100 color forms but primarily in green (typical in the wild), various shades of blue, opaline, gray, white, yellow (lutino), pied (combination in one bird), and in various shades of these colors, some rarer than others.
   Parakeets are 7" to 9 3/8" in length from the tip of the bill over the head to the tip of the tail. The tail by itself is 3 1/8" to 4 1/2" long. Parakeets weigh anywhere from 1 - 1.4 ounces ( 30-40g). The life expectancy of the average parakeet is 12 to 14 years. They reach sexual maturity at 3 to 4 months. By this time they have there adult plumage which is quite unusual in the bird kingdom.

Care and feeding:    Ready made staple seed mixes are usually available at your local pet store or super market which contains a mixture of canary grass seed, white millet, yellow millet, oats and groats and red millet, niger seed and linseed. Some higher quality seed mixtures come with thistle, anise, rape, sesame, and safflower seed. Vitamin pellets with iodine in them are sometimes present to prevent thyroid problems. Store seed in a dark but airy place. Not in plastic bags but in a clothes bag in a closet. Offer fresh foods such as eggplant, green peas, cucumber, young dandelion greens, sweet corn, beet greens, carrots, unsprayed lettuce, green peppers, sorrel, spinach leaves, tomatoes and zucchini. Fruits that are suitable are: Pineapples, apples, apricots, bananas, most other fruits.
   Food that is bad for birds includes: All members of the cabbage family, raw and green potatoes, green beans, grapefruit, rhubarb, plums, lemons, avocado.
   Parakeets also need a mineral block and a cuttlebone in their cage. These provide all the minerals and trace elements that they need. Offer spray millet every so often as a treat. And of course fresh water daily.

Housing:    Provide a roomy cage with the minimum dimensions of: 20" long x 12" deep x 18" high. The ideal size is: 40" long x 20" deep x 32" high. Preferably a cage with horizontal bars to make climbing easier. You can also attach a perch/play area on top of the cage. In the cage have about three perches of different diameters (or branches with some angling) without the sandpaper guards. A swing and mirror among other toys are available but be sure to leave enough room for flying! Food and water dishes, preferably automatic dispensing, or if not, ones with guards to prevent waste contamination. Clips to hold spray millet and fresh food. A bath house with a textured bottom is a favorite, or a slow running faucet will do. Provide a breeding box if breeding is what you have in mind.

Maintenance:    The basic cage care includes daily cleaning of the water and food dishes. Weekly you should wash all the perches and dirty toys, and the floor should be washed about every other week. A total hosing down and disinfecting of an aviary should be done yearly, replacing anything that needs to be freshened, such as old dishes, toys and perches.

Handling and training:    Take it slow at first and let the parakeet get used to you and its new surroundings before trying to get him to go onto your finger. Allow flying time and don’t worry about catching him to put him back into the cage, leave the cage door open and sooner or later he will get hungry. After a while curiosity will overcome fear and training can begin.
   Most but not all parakeets have the inclination to talk, be repetitive and patient.

   Free flying time is very important. Try to offer several hours a day in a bird safe room. A bird tree ( this can be made by wiring branches together into a tree or surrounding a tall house plant with perches, not poisonous of course), is very useful. Set it across the room from the cage, so that they fly back and forth. This will provide them with ample exercise.

Breeding:    The male parakeet's cere is blue and the female’s is tan or light yellow. The "cere" is the area located at the base of the beak, just below the forehead or crown area. It is where the two nostril type openings (nares) are also located. There are a few exceptions, but for the most part this coloration is fairly accurate. In young parakeets, under 3 months, it is pale pink to tanish but changes after sexual maturity.
   If a pair of parakeets are ready to mate they will court one another first by playing and then feeding each other. The male then attempts a balancing act on the females back and lowers his tail under hers till the vents connect.
   The female picks the nesting sight and lays her eggs, one or two every other day, for a total of 4 to 6 eggs in a clutch. Incubation is 18 days but the hen will remain on the nest till the chicks start to get feather’s. Separate the nesting hen from the other parakeets. Nesting material is not necessary till after the chicks hatch then you can cover the bottom of the box with pine shavings, never saw dust. Be sure that the hen is feeding the young and if not, hand rearing may be necessary.

Potential Problems:    The most common would be a parakeet plucking out its own feathers. This is usually caused from loneliness and boredom. Another problem is if the leg band is too tight then a veterinarian will have to remove it. If taken care of, the parakeet is a hardy pet well worth the money and effort!

Availability: Budgies are readily available and inexpensive.

Author: Clarice Brough, CAS
Lastest Animal Stories on Budgerigars - Parakeets

Katrina - 2008-11-26
Budgies are a wonderful pet! I have four right now and they are definitely my best friends. I agree with the authors statement that giving them plenty of flight time will make them happier birds, I would just like to add that budgies are extremely curious and they should be watched constantly when they are loose. It's not uncommon for them to get into everything... turning your back for even a second can mean disaster!!

If you have been considering getting a budgie, you won't regret it! They are amazing friends and really bring life into a home :) Not to mention, they make the CUTEST little sounds :) All I ask is that you please do your research before buying your bird. It's best to understand what kind of food/supplies you need to feed and bring it home before even considering your pet. I have had parakeets for years and still find myself refreshing my knowledge on occasion, it is the best way to have your friend for a very long time :)

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-07-22
    Your found parakeet sounds like a great pet and it is behaving normally for a parrot just introduced to a new environment. Birds take a while to adjust to a new home, it may get more vocal as it gets acclimated. You're a great person for taking care of these animals and I wish you the best in finding them permanent homes.
  • tammy - 2014-07-14
    My kids just found a parakeet thrown away in a dumpster, cage in all, I have no clue what ti do with it, I bought it parakeet food, but its been quiet, eating, and cleaning itself. Aren't they usually noisy???I ccould use some advice here please. Im not an animal person at all, and I already housing a 9yr old chihuahua they found 2 weeks ago. Im not an animal or pet person, but can't stand to see an animal being abused or mistreated. Looking for forever homes for both pets, but want to take the best possible care of them and maybe show them the love an attention theyve probably never had. So any advice would be helpful. Thank you for your time
  • Cheryl - 2014-08-24
    What state do you live in? I am looking interested in the bird you found. I live in Dallas TX.

    Thank you,
Mary - 2004-01-15
Hello, I just got my second Parakeet,a Budgie.yesturday. When I first pulled out of the parking space that I was in after buying my keet. He was perched on my finger verry close to the window of my car. Then after 8 minutes, He went to the top of my sterring wheel. It was verry funny. The bird was not afraid of anything. He was first facing oncomming traffic. Then he turned toward me. When I had to make a sharp turn, he started to go down, I had to put him in one of my hands, That was after I put him on the steering when again. He rode there most of the way home, 15 miles away from our home, Then we went to the drive thru at the bank. To get new pet toys. He was again on top of the steering wheel, until we went back home again.... If this were a Story A would call it driving miss tweety...

  • kelly martin - 2013-03-15
    that sounds like 'driving miss lazy' from a show called thats so raven SUPER :)
  • hailey bjornson - 2013-07-03
    They love company.
  • joe - 2014-02-15
    Are parakeets better left indoors or outdoors don't know if they carry any kind of lice.
  • Anonymous - 2014-03-18
  • Steve - 2014-03-21
    Your are not supposed to keet and drive. It is against the law.
Iv - 2003-08-27
My parakeets name is Chocho. She is a green 4 year old female. She is a very good companion and very very smart. She lives alone but I an always with her. She is a very good pet and she is tamed and can do a few tricks, I am sure that she could talk but I dont want to pressure her, I think talking is not a natural thing, so why push it?
If your thinking of getting a bird get a parakeet, they are the best!!!

  • hailey bjornson - 2013-07-03
    It's good for them to learn.
Nastia - 2003-08-18
In February 2003 I received my baby "Polley". I took him out of nest myself and never since has he left my site. Polley comes to work with me even on leave. He is the boss at my table and not scared of dogs or cats, if they come close to his gage he bites them and even then says "Moenie my byt nie, hoor jy!" He loves to play with shiny things and talks all day long. I am still teaching him new words; he already learned over 20 different words.

  • John - 2013-03-26
    Aww polley want a cracker?
Lkschick - 2004-01-08
Parakeets are so beautiful! I have a boy and a girl, Tweety and Taz.
They always make me laugh! They are great pets and I would definatly get 1,000 more, but my dad says two is enough.


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