Animal-World > Birds > Parakeet: Types of Parakeets > Indian Ringneck Parakeet

Indian Ringneck Parakeets

Noble Parakeet, Rose-ringed Parakeet

Family: Psittacidae Male Blue Cinnamon Mutation of the Indian Ringneck ParakeetBlue Cinnamon Male RingneckPsittacula krameri manillensisPhoto Courtesy Jerome Ventress
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My indian or african ring neck is only 5-6 months old and she or he lost all tail feathers. Now she is beating herself. I was looking for lices but i dont see... (more)  Gina

   The Indian Ringneck Parakeet has been referred to as the "Noble Parakeet"! The species, Psittacula krameri, is also called the Rose-ringed Parakeet and contains four subspecies.

  The Indian Ringneck Parakeets have been held in admiration and esteem since ancient times. They are a large parakeet, sought after for the superiority in their form and beauty, their ability to speak, their intelligence and trainability, and because they are easy to breed.   ThIs parakeet, the Indian Ringneck Parakeet, has been a long time favorite for bird lovers! There are many color combinations that can be produced, which is a fun challenge and fascination for many breeders! Check out the More Photos for really cool examples of the different colored ringneck parakeets.

To learn more about Parakeets and their needs visit:
Guide to a Happy, Healthy Parakeet

Geographic Distribution
Psittacula krameri manillensis
Data provided by
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Psittacula
  • Species: krameri manillensis

Scientific name: Psittacula krameri manillensis

Distribution:    The Rose-ringed Parakeet, which includes the Indian Ringneck and the African Ringneck subspecies, is the most widely scattered member of the race of parrots and is spread throughout Asia and parts of Africa. They are found in India, China, Ceylon, Africa, Tibet, Nepal and many adjacent islands.
   The Indian Ringneck Parakeet originated in Ceylon. The African Ringneck Parakeet, its close cousin, is found from west Africa to the Southern Sudan.

Description:    Indian Ringneck Parakeets, along with their close cousin the African Ringneck Parakeets, Psittacula krameri krameri, belong in the Psittacula genus that are known as Ringneck Parakeets. The species, Psittacula krameri, is also called the Rose-ringed Parakeet and contains four subspecies. The Psittacula genus has the distinguishing characteristic of a colored collar going around the head in the males, or a pronounced stripe running through the chin area.
   The normal coloration of the male Indian Ringneck Parakeet is a general green with its lower abdomen area being lighter and the back of the head has a bluish tint. A black ring that runs thought the chin and along the cheek. There it blends into a pink collar with some blue on the nape. The central tail feathers are bluish, tipped with a yellow green, and the outer tail feathers are green. The upper mandible of the beak is a red-orange and the lower mandible is black. Through domestic breeding, there is a large variety of color variations, or mutations available.
  The female and immature male has no black ring, pink collar, or blue tint on the back of the head. Juveniles also have a coral pink beak with a pale tip. The young reach their adult plumage after their second full molt, at about 3 years of age. These birds grow to a length of 16" (40 cm).
   The African Ringneck Parakeet is very similar in coloration to the Indian Ringneck but the facial coloring and the rose collar is less prominent on the African males. They also have a smaller beak, with the upper mandible being a dark red becoming almost black on the tip. Though the African Ringneck has a smaller, shorter body than the Indian Ringneck they have a longer tail, so overall they reach up to a length of 17" (43.5 cm).

Care and Feeding:    Fresh food and water must be provided daily.
   In the wild, Indian Ringneck Parakeets eat a variety of seeds, berries, fruits, nuts, blossoms, and nectar. In addition to these foods, you can offer them vegetables and commercial pellets. They also enjoy the same nutritional foods humans eat, including cooked chicken. Cooked beans, rice, and grains are also enjoyed, but soft foods like these will spoil in about 4 hours. An occasional millet spray is a nice treat.
See About Parakeets: Care and Feeding for more detailed information.

Housing:    A a roomy cage is required as these are large parakeets.
See About Parakeets: Housing for more extensive housing information.

Maintenance:    The basic cage care includes daily cleaning of the water and food dishes. Weekly you should wash all the perches and dirty toys, and the floor should be washed about every other week. A total hosing down and disinfecting of an aviary should be done yearly, replacing anything that needs to be freshened, such as old dishes, toys and perches.

Social Behaviors:    In the wild, these birds live in flocks and are very social. They have a pleasant nature but will develop a screaming habit if teased.

Handling/Training:    The Indian Ringneck Parakeet is smart! Besides learning to talk, these parakeets are known to be great at learning tricks. Some have been taught to string beads on a rope, twirl sticks about their head, ring a bell, and pick up selected objects.
See About Parakeets: Handling and Training for detailed information.

Activities:    Parakeets are very energetic birds! Besides flying, which is important for all parakeets, these birds love to chew! Be sure you provide them with lots of assorted toys and wood chews, perches and swings.

   Unlike many parakeets, Ringneck Parakeets do not bond with a mate for life, but they are easily bred. Each pair will need two nesting boxes to choose from. Once the nest box is selected the female will lay two to six eggs. The incubation time is between 22 and 24 days and the young will leave the nest about six to seven weeks after they hatch.
See About Parakeets: Breeding and Reproduction for more information.

Potential Problems:    These parakeets can have a loud scream.
See About Parakeets: Potential Problems for more information.

Availability:    Indian Ringneck Parakeets are available at pet stores or from breeders at reasonable prices. They can be obtained in a variety of color mutations, including the Indian Ringneck Lutino.

Author: Clarice Brough, CAS
Lastest Animal Stories on Indian Ringneck Parakeet

Gina - 2014-08-18
My indian or african ring neck is only 5-6 months old and she or he lost all tail feathers. Now she is beating herself. I was looking for lices but i dont see nothing. Anybody can help me ?

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-08-29
    Your cage may be too small, and if so, when it plays hard it will break its feathers because of the cage bars. It could also be starting to molt. Ringneck often start to molt at about 7 months of age, but that can vary with captive bred birds. A molt lasts about 8 weeks, but that too can extend for months in caged birds.
Tommy - 2013-06-11
I've been in the avian field now for just about 30yrs. I've have experience in dealing with both wild & exotic pet species. And have owned many various exotics over the years. Your Alex sounds no different than my Keiko who is an IRN or Indian Ringneck basically the same bird just Alex's are bigger.

Asiatics or the Psittacula species are NOT easy parrots to own they are by far NOT a good 'first bird' for an inexperienced owner. These would consist of the following birds; The Ring-necked, Alexandrine, Newton, Slaty-headed, Intermediate, Long-tailed, Blossom-headed, Seychelles, Moustached, emerald-collared, Derbyan, Plum-headed, Mauritius, Blyth's, & very rare Malabar.

They do not like to be handled or stroked very often which can be an immediate turn off to many first time owners of these birds. And while they may look like Conures in some ways physically speaking they are a completely different bird altogether. To bond with an Asiatic requires LOTS of patience, socializing, and consistent training. Plainly put you give these birds an inch they'll take a mile so boundaries and proper discipline need to be put in place right away if one is not to have a holy terror on there hands. I say this because in my personal experience dealing with various species of this order they can be quite stubborn. And if they are not PROPERLY socialized on a DAILY basis will quickly revert back to a 'wild state'than any other parrot species i've worked with in 30yrs.

Now having said all that, if one still feels compelled to give these beautiful and highly intelligent birds a try then the rewards are amazing. Despite not being 'hands on' birds in terms of being touched they will most certainly win you over with there vocal capabilities. Bar none there is no other bird there size that can speak with the clarity and word association these birds can. Yes Quaker (Monk) parrots speak quite well but there diction is still garbled compared to say an IRN (Indian Ringneck).

These birds come from royalty and were often sought after by ancient Greeks & Romans due to their beauty but more importantly their vocal ability. They are by far a much more sophisticated species than Quaker parrots ever could be.

To see an Asiatic in full adult plumage is like looking at a picture in a field guide. There streamlined plumage is quite striking with not one single feather out of place. So if you have what it takes and can meet all the requirements stated above in owing one of these gorgeous animals than by all means go for it. But take heed, these birds may not full fill your 'personal desire' of what a pet bird should be like. But as another commenter posted on here accepting your bird for how it is instead of what you want it to be. And seeing it from that perspective should be what's cherished and appreciated most of all. And this applies to ALL bird species one may own.

  • Mary Kinser - 2014-04-15
    Thank you for the info. Do both sexes talk well? Are both sexes easy to train? Please let me know ASAP.
Priscilla - 2009-06-27
Hi there,
I have a blue Indian Ringneck. Nearly two years old now. Indigo was hand raised, very tame at first. After a couple of months he/she became wild and very scared especially of me and any hands. He acted as if he was abused. I kept on giving attention and was very careful when handling him to avoid touching too much. He was okay getting off from his cage onto my shoulder (as long as I kept my hands away). After about 4 months things slowly started to change. Still getting better. Indigo is now tame, talks heaps, loves me lots and doesn't bite me anymore. He has a lovely personality. Cheers

  • Arlene - 2010-11-01
    Hello, Does his negative actions happen during the spring and summer? My Ringneck starts getting her raging hormones in the start of springtime until around the end of September. I can't touch her during this time, but after September, her hormones start to slow down a little each day, and then she is fine. I'm just now beginning to get my little girl back right now again after a tough season. Now she's all over me, day and night, where as 3 months ago, she would Bite me if I even looked at her.
Susan - 2006-09-23
We just lost our lutino female, Elvis, who was the BEST bird I've ever owned. She was extremely loving and cuddly, very bonded to her "flock" (my husband Steve and I). Elvis loved being petted all over her body, and did the eye-pinning and clucking thing. Though never a talker, she had specific bird language for specific needs: the "I wanna come to the table" call, the "I wanna go to bed... NOW!" call, etc. She hated my cockatiels and would have killed them if out together. Elvis died suddenly on Tuesday night and my avian vet thinks she died from eating either a toxic peanut or apple seeds/peel. So I send a warning to all you Ringneck lovers, to be careful with peanuts and apples. Also, watch out for a change in voice quality, which could be the first sign of liver failure. I didn't heed the "laryngitis", since she seemed otherwise fine. She also had a soft belly at the end, and needed abdominal drainage, dying that night. May you learn from my loss.

michelle - 2005-03-21
I have a blue ringneck named Virgil. He is by far the best bird we have ever owned. He stays on his cage and likes to sit on top. We have never closed the door to his cage and he has never flown off. He loves his home. We also have never had a need to clip his wings. He has learned to say a few words and is very talented and does a few tricks. His favorite foods are fresh corn on the cob, mango, grapes, broccoli, and peanuts. I highly recomend this type of bird!!

Anonymous - 2004-06-04
We have a turquoise female named Indigo who is definately a little bird with a big personality. At a little over a year in age, she already has quite a vocabulary and loves to give kisses. She truely is a charmer.


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