Animal-World > Birds > Canary Varieties > Gloster Fancy Canary

Gloster Fancy Canary

Gloster Canaries:
Gloster Corona ~ Gloster Consort

Family: Fringillidae Picture of a Gloster Corona (crested) CanaryGloster Corona (crested) CanarySerinus canariaPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Denise Taormina
Latest Reader Comment - See More
Are birds exposed to the virus can't be 100% health ? Because my canaries exposed to the virus that has been paralyzing his legs. How do I treat my canary ?  ardhee

   The Gloster Fancy Canary, a favorite among both expert and beginning enthusiasts, is one of the most popular canaries!

Picture of a Gloster Consort (plainheaded) Canary
Gloster Consort Canary
(variegated variety)
Photo © Animal-World:
Courtesy Denise Taormina

   The Gloster Fancy Canary is a perfect choice for the beginner as it is lively, very hardy and will readily breed. As with most canaries it is basically a cage bird, but quite enjoyable to observe. They have a pleasant song, though folks who prefer a song canary may find it a bit louder and more choppy than they prefer.

   As a "type canary", the Gloster Canary is bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. These attractive little birds have a roundish compact body and are quite lively and bold.

   The Gloster Canary actually has two versions, the crested bird (shown above) is known as the 'Corona' while the plain headed bird is known as the 'Consort'. Though the crested version is favored at shows, both types are of equal importance in the propagation of this breed. Other than the feathers on the head, the basic body types are the same for both versions of this bird.

For more information about the care of Canaries see:
Guide to a Happy, Healthy Canary

Geographic Distribution
Serinus canaria
See All Data at Google Maps
Data provided by
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Actiniform
  • Class: Elasmobranchii
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Fringillidae
  • Genus: Serinus
  • Species: canaria

Scientific Name: Serinus canaria domesticus

Distribution:    The Gloster Canary is a relatively new breed. Unlike older breeds, the Gloster's development in England in the mid 1920's has been well documented indicating that it is a careful blending of three breeds; the crested Roller Canary, the small Crested Canary, and the Border Canary.
   The Gloster Canary was the result of attempts to develop a miniature crested breed. Mrs. Rogerson's of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire (the breed's namesake) crossed crested Roller Canaries with Border Canaries while John McLay, a well known breeder and judge of Crested canaries in Scotland, crossed small Crested Canaries with small Border Canaries.

At the Crystal Palace exhibition in 1925, Judge A. W. Smith recognized Mrs. Rogerson's original strain as a new, unique, and distinct breed. He went on to encouraged development of the Gloster with the blending of the three different breeds, and he later developed the first breed standards.

Description:    The Gloster Fancy Canary is a small, short stubby, canary reaching about 4 1/2" (11.5 cm) in length. It is an active, lively, semi-erect, proud bird. The Corona (crest) bird should have a round symmetrical crest with a center point. The crest should have no interruptions, radiate evenly, and not cover eyes. The Consort (uncrested) head should not be too small and should reveal a light brow line.
   The Gloster's plumage occurs in all canary colors and markings, except the Red-Factor colorings. Green and cinnamon are two popular varieties, along with the frosts (buff) being favorites for show varieties. Any with red coloring on their bodies are rejected in shows.

Picture of a Gloster Consort (plainheaded) Canary
Gloster Consort Canary
(blue variety)
Photos © Animal-World:
Courtesy Denise Taormina

Care and feeding:    Canaries like wide open spaces so provide a roomy cage. Provide a cage with vertical bars and small perches of different size for foot exercise. Have at least 1 perch set high in the cage for the canary to roost (sleep). The cage should be placed high, so the canary can look down on us so to speak.
   Canaries eat mainly canary seed and rape seed. Vitamin coated canary seed mixes are readily available at a pet store. Greens are also enjoyed and can be offered daily along with a little calcium in the form of a cuttlebone.
   They do like to bath, so should be offered a bird bath. Cage cleaning and toe nail trimming is about all the maintenance canaries need.
   See About Canaries: Housing and About Canaries: Care and Feeding for more information.

Social Behaviors:    They are good-natured social creatures that do well when kept in cages or in aviaries. They are timid birds though and should not be housed with parakeets, lovebirds, or other hookbills that tend to be more aggressive birds by nature.
   Male canaries should be kept in a cage by themselves to ensure quality singing. Males can be territorial and pairing up with two male canaries in a cage can cause fights. In a spacious aviary canaries can generally be housed with other canaries, finches, and other hardbills.

   Canaries do not require toys, mirrors or any other form of entertainment, a swing is all they need to keep themselves occupied. Most of the time, canaries are simply enjoyed for their beauty and singing. However, some canaries are allowed out of their cage to perch or are show canaries and therefore require taming or training.
   See About Canaries: Handling/Training for information on taming and training.

Breeding/Reproduction:    Canaries breed easily and readily if provided with quality food, lighting, secure surroundings, and conditioning. They are best bred in breeding cages.
   Breeding the Gloster Canary is no different than breeding colorbreds or any other variety of canary... with one exception, Glosters should only be bred corona to consort (see description above). Other pairings could create a lethal factor and there have also been reports of bald headed birds and poor crests.
   They lay their eggs in a nest. The female will lay 3 to 6 eggs, one per day. Breeding season is usually from December to April; it is best to allow a hen to have only two clutches.
   See About Canaries: Breeding/Reproduction for more information on breeding.

Potential Problems:   These birds are hardy and healthy if provided with a good environment and a good diet. Avoid an environment that is wet, cool, and drafty. One problem that occasionally arises with Gloster Canaries are feather lumps. Feather lumps are an ingrown feather, where the feather attempts to grow out, but cannot break the skin so will grow backwards.
   See About Canaries: Potential Problems for information on health.

Availability:    Gloster Canaries are readily available and are fairly inexpensive. Sometimes available at pet stores, but more readily they can be found through bird shows, bird clubs, breeders, and on the internet.

Authors: Clarice Brough, CAS and Denise Taormina
Lastest Animal Stories on Gloster Fancy Canary

ardhee - 2014-01-16
Are birds exposed to the virus can't be 100% health ? Because my canaries exposed to the virus that has been paralyzing his legs. How do I treat my canary ?

  • Clarice Brough - 2014-01-17
    Unless your bird has been in contact with diseased birds, a virus or bacterial disease would be fairly unlikely.  Newcastle Disease is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect canaries. But canaries are well known for their delicate respiratory systems. Exposure to airborn toxins can create a variety of problems, including paralysis.

    Your pet could have aspergillosis, a respiratory disease caused by the fungus aspergillus, which is commonly found in the environment. If any portion of the central nervous system has become involved due to this illness, the bird may have tremors, an uneven or wobbly gait, seizures, or paralysis. Aspergillosis can be treated with an anti-fungal medicine.

    Canaries are very hardy birds and almost all illnesses can be traced to improper diet, dirty cages, and drafts. A balanced diet and plenty of exercise will prevent most canary illnesses.
  • ardhee - 2014-01-21
    If my canary is cured, is that true the virus will be transmitted to the child's, because I'm really worries with my canary, already 1 month my canaries exposed to the virus , what can still be cured? Thank you before.
Anonymous - 2012-08-10
How old are Glouster Canaries when they grow their mop? I keep looking at my 2yr old, thinking it's top feathers are growing, but it could be my imagination.

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-08-10
    They acieve their mop when they achieve sexual maturity.  However, it is the Gloster Corona that achieves the crest (mop).  The gloster does not.
  • Anonymous - 2013-12-09
    My friend this is developed at a very young age , when the chicks are in the nest you will be able to tell the difference between the Corona chicks and the consort. The consort has the plain head. Hope this helps you. Kind regards, Andrew.
ardhee - 2013-09-17
Why does a canary gloster not want to sing? Because of the environment or the food? And how do I distinguish between a saplings canary gloster? Thanks.

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-09-19
    The Gloster Canary is known as a 'type canary' rather than a 'song canary'. This means it was bred for a characteristic other than singing. These canaries were developed for their physical appearance and plumage.  Here's a good article on these birds by Joe A Bracegirdle, History of the Gloster Canary .

    However, all canaries can sing and environment as well as diet can influence singing. Males tend to be better singers than females, as females may simply stop singing or sing intermittently. Males will have a greater tendency to sing if they are housed singly. To encourage singing, you can provide a song food available at pet stores. You can also  to help encourage them to sing by playing some classical music or you can get canary song tapes at a pet store. 
  • ardhee - 2013-09-23
    Thank you in advance, I think that to listen to the sound of canary I think I have often listened with my mobile phone... or maybe the weather in Indonesia is different from the weather in their home country? Sorry if I ask a lot of.. :)
ardhee - 2013-09-18
Can you assist me, how old can the gloster canary begin to sing? And I have 2 pairs of canary local ( Indonesian ), how to maintain a kind of canary offspring?

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-09-19
    The Gloster Canary is not bred for song, but it will still sing. Most canaries will have a baby song at about 4 weeks, but the adult song usually starts in the fall. Then usually stop singing for a couple of months each summer while they are molting.
dalene - 2013-03-16
I want to know why did my canary stop singing is it to do with his food or can you plse assist me Many thanks


Copyright © [Animal-World] 1998-2012. All rights reserved.