Animal-World > Birds > Amazon Parrots > Red-lored Amazon

Red-lored Amazon Parrot

Yellow Cheek Amazon, Red-lored Parrot

Family: Psittacidae Red-Lored Amazon Parrot or Yellow Cheek Amazon, Amazona autumnalisAmazona autumnalisPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Peter van der Borst
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Beardsley is almost 37; I got him when he was 7 months. I was told he was an Orange Cheek Amazon from the Red Lored family, but he looks just like the pic of the... (more)  Fran

   The Red-lored Amazon is a very attractive parrot, and simply loved for its "pretty face"!

   The colorful face of the Red-lored Amazon Amazona autumnalis, also called the Yellow Cheek Amazon, has inspired many enthusiasts to proclaim it the most beautiful of the Amazons. it is readily apparent from this birds pretty face that these common names are quite fitting. Which ever name you prefer, the lores (and forehead) of this decorative Amazon are definitely red and its cheeks are definitely yellow.

   This beautiful amazon is a pleasant, social parrot that enjoys its human companions. The Red-lored Parrot has an amiable personality, displaying less aggression than many of the other popular amazons. It is regarded as a wonderful pet bird that is gentle, affectionate and loyal. The Yellow Cheek Amazons are intelligent pet birds, quick and humorous at play, and you will enjoy their comical antics.

   In the wild the Yellow Cheek Amazon is quite noisy within its flock, but in captivity it has been noted that they tend to be much quieter. Still this Amazon can be loud at times. Like all Amazons, they will call out an alert first thing in the morning and then again as the sun is setting. These two periods of the day usually last for about 10 minutes. Yet although the Red-lored Amazon parrots can be vocal they are not considered to be the best talkers. Depending on the individual bird, some will be good talkers while others will only say a couple of words.

   The Red-lored Amazon parrots are very social and enjoy the company of people as well as other birds. They will form very strong bonds with their owner, becoming fast friends and exhibit total confidence. They are also a hardy robust bird and can do well in either a cage along with an out-of-the-cage playpen, or kept in an aviary.

For more information about Amazon Birds see:
Amazon Parrot: Information and Care


Geographic Distribution
Amazona autumnalis
See All Data at Google Maps
Data provided by GBIF.org
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Amazona
  • Species: autumnalis

Scientific Name    Amazona autumnalis Subspecies:

Distribution    The Red-Lored Amazon Amazona autumnalis was first described by Linnaeus in 1758. It is also called the Yellow Cheek Amazon and Red-lored Parrot.

  Red-lored Parrots are found in Central America from eastern Mexico to the peninsula of Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras. They live in tropical zones where they inhabit the canopies of woodland and forest trees, and mangroves. They live in groups that can be small with as few as six birds, to large with up to a hundred birds, and form monogamous pairings during mating season. They feed on fruits, nuts, berries, seeds. and the blossoms and leafy buds of treetop foliage.

Status   The Amazona autumnalis is on the IUCN Red List for Endangered Species as Least Concern (LC).

Description   The Red-lored Amazon or Yellow Cheek Amazon has an overall green coloring. The lore and forehead are red, the crown is blue, and the cheeks are yellow. The wings are a spectacular array of color; green with red in the middle and blue on the outer edges and on the tips. The eye is dark brown with a white ring around it. The beak is gray but with a yellow horn color on the upper portion and the legs are greenish gray.

   Juveniles will have less red on the lores and forehead, the cheeks may have some green, and the eye is orange. They become sexually mature at about 3 - 4 years. Mature birds are about 13 1/2 inches (34 cm) long from the top of the head to the tip of the tail. Their average lifespan is 40 to 60 years.

Care and feeding    In the wild these birds eat fruits, seeds, nuts, berries, blossoms and leaf buds, as well as enjoying some palm fruits. A pet bird will enjoy a varied diet, including a quality seed mix or a pelleted diet, and many fresh fruits and vegetables. Pellets will work if started at an early age. Plenty of human food that is nutritious can be offered. Avocado and chocolate are toxic to any parrot.

   For more about the Amazon parrot diet, see Amazon Parrots: Care and Feeding

Housing   A roomy cage is required for the Red-lored Amazon. They are very active birds and need to spend a good deal of their time outside of their cage or can be housed in an aviary. A cage must not be too confining, so get one that your pet will be able to feel comfortable in. It is recommended that a cage be 2 x 3 feet wide and 2 1/2 to 5 feet high, and with a play pen top.

   The Yellow Cheek Amazon likes to climb and play, and enjoys expanding its wings. It loves to be out of its cage on a playpen, and will enjoy interacting with their human as well as playing with toys. A hanging perch above the playpen is a great thing to have for climbing.

   This Amazon can tolerate varying temperatures, but needs to be kept away from any drafts. A variety of perches should be used of varying size and texture. A rougher textured perch instead of the smooth, doll-rod types, makes it easier for them to perch and is better for their feet and legs. A concrete perch can be placed as the highest perch in the cage and next to a toy. At times during the day they will perch there and it will save them (and you) from the ordeal of having their nails filed.

   Don't forget bathing.  Spraying your Red-lored Parrot with warm water or a commercially available bird bath is necessary to keep the feathers from drying out.

Maintenance   The basic cage care includes daily cleaning of the water and food dishes. Weekly you should wash all the perches and dirty toys, and the floor should be washed about every other week. A total hosing down and disinfecting of an aviary should be done yearly, replacing anything that needs to be freshened, such as old dishes, toys and perches

Social Behaviors   In the wild, the Red-lored or Yellow Cheek Amazons are very social birds. They are usually seen in groups, but with some distinct pairs in the group. Groups can be small with as few as six birds, to large with up to a hundred birds. These are social creatures, they like to be greeted when you come into the room. The more your amazon is around people, the more socialized it is and the more it will interact and play with you. You will establish a greater attachment between you and your feathered friend the more you are together.

Handling/Training   The Red-lored Amazon will adapt fairly rapidly, becoming accustomed to a new environment and its keeper. It is then ready to start bird training. Generally though, you should give a new arrival a few days to get use to you, your voice and its cage before trying to handle it. A hand fed baby will not need much taming and can often be handled right away, as it is use to human attention.

   For information about training your Blue Front parrot see: Amazon Parrot Care: Handling and Training

Activities   The Red-lored Parrot is a very active amazon. It needs a lot of time out of its cage to stretch its wings, although climbing seems to be its favorite activity. It needs plenty of toys to keep it busy, and a hanging perch is thoroughly enjoyed. A moveable perch that can follow you around the house is also great. This Amazon likes to play, loves to wrangle with toys, and is quite an acrobat. They entertain themselves quite well and you will enjoy it.

Sexing - Sexual Differences   The Red-lored Amazon or Yellow Cheek Amazon is not sexually dimorphic. Females look like males. If gender identification is important (for example for breeding birds) DNA / Feather or surgical sexing is recommended.

Breeding/Reproduction   These amazons were first bred in captivity in the United States in 1956, but breeding successes have been variable. They become sexually mature at about three to four years and may raise more than one brood per year. They become sexually mature at about three to four years and may raise more than one brood per year. The sexes must be confirmed and the pair must be harmonious, bonded with each other. They will need a nest box that is 31"-39" (80-100 cm) high with an inside diameter of 12"-14" (30-35 cm) and an opening of 4"-5" (10-12 cm). Provide some soft bedding material inside on the bottom of the box.

   The hen will lay two to eight eggs which incubate for about 26 - 28 days. The young will leave the nest at about 12 weeks. As with many parrots, the male will eat for both himself and the female while she incubates the eggs and feeds the young. The male regurgitates the food for the female to eat. He gets a lot less picky about what he eats at these times!

Potential Problems     These birds are hardy and healthy if provided with a good environment and a good diet. Like all amazons, the Red-lored Amazon or Yellow Cheek Amazon can be noisy first thing in the morning and just before the sun sets. They have a loud piercing call, though many owners say their pets are relatively quiet. Amazons can often be quieted by just covering their cage for a short period of time. These parrots when well cared for will seldom become ill. Though it is often difficult to determine illness, some visible signs of illness to be aware of are:

  • ruffled plumage
  • listlessness
  • drooping wings
  • sagging body
  • extreme mood changes
  • having no appetite
  • bulges in feathering
  • partially closed or watery eyes
  • swelling of the eyelids
  • rasping
  • difficulty breathing
  • excessive saliva
  • dirty vent
  • any change in the feces not apparently diet related.

   Some of the more common illnesses are:

  • Psittacosis (chlamydiosis or parrot fever)
  • bacterial, viral, or fungal infections
  • feather picking (results of boredom, poor diet, sexual frustration, lack of bathing)
  • allergies
  • chewing flight and tail feathers by juveniles
  • beak malformations in chicks
  • Papillomas
  • kidney disease (gout)
  • toxicity
  • heavy metal poisoning
  • lipomas in older birds.

   If you notice any of these bird illnesses in your Red-lored Amazon, immediately provide a warm, draft free, secure environment kept at about 86°F (30°C). Place food and water close to the perch where it is easily accessible. An ailing parrot should be taken to a avian veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.

Availability   The Red-lored Amazon or Yellow Cheek Amazon is occasionally available in pet stores or from breeders in your area.

References

Author: Clarice Brough CAS
Lastest Animal Stories on Red-lored Amazon


Fran - 2014-07-24
Beardsley is almost 37; I got him when he was 7 months. I was told he was an Orange Cheek Amazon from the Red Lored family, but he looks just like the pic of the Red-lored Amazon. I was wondering what kind of branch/stick I can give him for chewing. He loves to chip and pick at my wooden furniture, but he is destroying them! Any suggestions?

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Anonymous - 2011-11-29
I just got a red front and he is aggressive. He won't let me hold him and rarely if he gets on me it's only for a few seconds. His cage he seems not to like movement and bite me when i do. He's about 10 years old he seems to like me went right up to me when I seen him for the first time and snuggled me .

  • Charlie Roche - 2011-11-29
    He was wherever and he picked you out for his companion. Then you bring him home and he is out to TRAIN YOU. Let him acclimate to the new home and feed him with your hand various treats - cheerios work good. Let him eat meals with you - give him his own little bowl and let him have dinner (or whatever with you). Try and think of him as a 3 year old child. His cage is his safe spot and they get very territorial about it and that will just take him time to learn that you are not breeching his territory for harm. Go slow and do as much holding as you can for now but learn your birds body language. Amazons are more independent and want attention when they want it. They are not cuddle for the most part but enjoy your company sitting close on their perch etc.
  • londa - 2013-12-22
    sounds like our bird accept we have had him for 8 years he lived with my nephew for his first 2
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londa - 2013-12-22
bird is 10 years old doesn't let anyone handle him {use to} now only when he gets startled and flys off his cage he's really agressive always tries to bite He gets plenty of attention as wehave a busy household we are alwats greeting him but sometimes this bird is just crazy we have always been gentle with bird but don't understand why he's never been very friendly

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-12-26
    It could be that your home is so busy and full of distraction, that he may not really be to comfortable with any one person.
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Helene Force - 2012-06-16
I have a red front amazon lord he is crazy and get's into alot of trouble runs around all day and plays has lots of toys and places to climb on he eats every meal with us and also has his food. I gave him the new round balls that are suppose to have all of the stuff he needs he won't eat it unless I put it with his regular seeds that he was brought up on. I also make him his own eggs with shells crushed up in it like I was told to do and got him that mix that you feed them from the store that you cook for them. He is very lean and the women that cuts his wings says he is too skinny does anyone no anything else that I can feed him to get a little weight gain on him? Please contact my email account if anyone has an idea thanks alot for your advise morgan really appreciates it.

  • Charlie Roche - 2012-06-16
    You didn't mention how old your little fella was but it takes them about a year to year and a half to obtain solid body weight.  Nuts are high in fat content and will put on weight.  They are also good for them.  Almonds are an excellent source of Vitamin A.  A huge research center (ARBC) stated in a book they wrote that walnuts were the perfect source of food for parrots.  You have to crack them for him.  So I don't know his age but it sounds like you are feeding him well - You might add a few pellets - and things like peanut butter and a little honey on a cracker won't hurt.  he can eat anything you eat that is nutricious.  So skip the chocalate and avocado is toxic but if you have meatloaf and mashed potatoe - he can have some.  Amazons are not supposed to be havy but yes they should be solid.  You can always feel the breastbone though.
  • Helene Force - 2013-07-05
    Thank you very much for answering me I haven't been on the computer I broke my leg so it was hard for me to get around which morgan loved because I stayed with him constantly. When I was in the hospital for three days he wouldn't hardly eat but as soon as I got home he was in my mouth eating my food instead of in his bowl he was very stuck to me like glue for a few weeks. He is now 6 years old has put on a lot of weight but as you said you can always see his breast bone. He does seem skinnier then other red fronts but not that much he eats like a pig but I always have to stay with him and not even move out of my chair or he stops eating. He is way too attached to me. People get mad at me because I don't like to go anywhere for a full day because I'm afraid he won't eat right I guess if he gets hungry enough he will eat. I am going to bring him to another place in petsmart that has a vet in it and see what she says when I get his wings clipped. The way he runs around the house after me he probably runs all his weight off. Thanks for getting in touch with me, I will be on more often now.
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