What’s unique in Luings? The Luing is the best breed as the British agriculture sector aims to offset labor, higher feed, and building costs. Since it was created for commercial purposes, this breed bridges a significant gap in beef production.

The Luing breed is efficient, hardy and the females are fertile. The cows’ rear calves in harsh weather conditions. It is a significant investment with a good bone structure and feet and is currently topping every farmer’s wish list.

hoof print divider

Quick Facts About Luing Cattle

Breed Name:Luing
Place of Origin:The Island of Luing in Scotland
Uses:Meat
Bull (Male) Size:950kgs
Cow (Female) Size:500kgs
Color:Red, Dun
Lifespan:13- 16 years
Climate Tolerance:All climates
Care Level:Hardy; no special care is required
Production:Beef
Optional:Milk

Luing Cattle Origins

Luing Cattle
Image Credit: ozymandias11, Shutterstock

Luing cattle are a breed of cattle reared for beef production. This breed was created in 1947 by Ralph, Shane, and Denis Cadzow on the Luing Island in Scotland. This breed was created by crossbreeding two best first cross breed; the Beef Shorthorn bulls and the Highland heifers.

The brothers settled on the Shorthorn because of its flavor of meat and fleshing qualities. On the other hand, the Highland cut due to its hardiness seen in the Luing cattle.

The British government officially recognized the Luing breed in 1965. The Cadzow family continues to elevate the breed as it remains popular about the isles like Torsa and Scarba.

Luing Cattle Characteristics

Pure-bred cattle are bred from two different F1 breeds. The offsprings of a pure breed are suitable to produce slaughter stock or cows for crossbreeding. These offsprings have a better or equal performance with the parents.

When you cross breed Luing cows with terminal breeds such as Charolais, you produce heavy calves and maintain the maternal efficiency in the herd. Again, when you cross Luing bulls with maternal cows such as Red Angus, you produce F1 heifers with longevity and fertility.

Here are the characteristics of the Luing cattle:

  • Hardy enough to withstand all weather all year round
  • Docile
  • Milky, fertile with good mother instincts
  • Excellent forage abilities
  • Good feet and legs
  • Excellent breeders of between 9 and 10 calves
  • Longevity of up to 16 years
  • Ease in having calves naturally
  • Low maintenance since they do not require extra rotation
  • Height of 130 cm for an average heifer and 140cm for a bull
  • Average weight 500kgs for cows and 950 for bulls
  • Fast growers
  • Good side jaw and muzzle
  • Great crest
  • Excellent hind leg with a crank for flexible action
  • Weather instincts
  • Thrive in extremely cold places
  • Natural beef off pasture
  • Very fertile
  • Require little supplementary diet
  • Weans calves up to 50% weight

Uses

Luing cattle were created to produce beef and raise calves under harsh weather conditions. However, today this breed is mainly bred for meat production. The other obvious use is leather production from cattle hide.

Another byproduct is gelatin which comes from connective tissues and is used in candy production. The other items produced from beef-by-product are dog food, insulin, glue, crayons, insulin, car wax, tires, deodorants, candles, dish soap, printing ink, highways, antifreeze, polish remover, bone china, rawhide bones, paintbrushes, toilet paper, hydraulic brake fluid, laundry pre-treatment, film and many more.

Appearance & Varieties

Color

  • Roans, red and yellow
  • Pure white and broken colors

Stature

  • Large ears
  • Thick skin to withstand cold
  • Fine shoulders
  • Clean brisket
  • Pink nose
  • Gentle eyes
  • Broad muzzle
  • Proportional head

Legs and Feet

  • Sound feet
  • Straight toes
  • Broad hoof

Population/Distribution/Habitat

The first breed of Luing cattle was sent to New Zealand in 1975 and Canada in 1973. This breed is in many countries outside of the UK, including Australia, Ireland, and America.

The Luing cattle breed can comfortably utilize the following habitats, including scrub forests and savannas. As long as they have space and grass, they will thrive.hoof print divider

Are Luing Cattle Good for Small-Scale Farming?

In the past decade, the number of Luing breeders has increased tremendously. Luing cattle require low maintenance.

For instance, they can fatten on grass and perform well even with low-quality feeds. They are also exceptional foragers and feed on different plants that other cattle cannot eat.

Due to the reduced maintenance cost, Luing cattle are good for small-scale farming.


Featured Image Credit: Steve Meese, Shutterstock